Wales/Cymru: ° Aberdyfi ° Aberystwyth ° Bangor (Gwynedd) ° Borth (Ceredigion) ° Cardiff, Pontypridd, Swansea (Glamorgan) ° Holyhead (Anglesey) ° Fishguard, Milford Haven, Pembroke (Pembrokshire) ° Porthmadog (Eifionydd) ° The Welsh Language ° The Mandans and Owain of Wales
Like many other towns in Wales, Aberystwyth is a product of Edward's mania for castle-building.
The construction of Aberystwyth castle was begun in 1277, after Edward's defeat of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, and completed in 1289.
In 1404, the castle fell to Owain Glyndwr and it was occupied until being recaptured by cannon in 1408. During this occupation it became an important seat of Welsh government.
In 1637, the castle was chosen by Charles I to house a royal mint. Coins of eight different denominations were produced from local silver. All carried the emblem of the Prince of Wales feathers.
Charles Bushell, who operated the mint in 1637, became very wealthy. At the start of the Civil War he lent Charles I 40,000 and raised a regiment of soldiers made up from local miners. Bushell's mint was closed down during the Civil War, but was used to store silver and lead.
|Marine Terrace, Aberystwyth, 1844
(Engraving and Aquatint)
Garrisoned by Royalists, the castle was besieged by the Parliamentarians and surrendered in 1646. Cromwell's troops made a good job of demolishing the building, thus preventing it ever being used again. But perhaps it also reflected the symbolic importance of the castle as a royal mint.
By the beginning of the 19th century, the town s walls and gates had completely disappeared.
Aberystwyth's history includes shipbuilding; however, the last ship to be built in Aberystwyth was completed in 1881.
The Town developed a fishing industry, and silver and lead mining were also important here. With the arrival of the railway in 1864, it reinvented itself as a resort appealing to genteel Victorian sensibilities. In 1872 Aberystwyth was chosen as the site of the first college of the University of Wales, and in 1907 it became home to the National Library of Wales.
Aberystwyth started life as a garrison town for the Normans in 1277. For centuries fishing, sea faring, lead mining and agriculture were the mainstays of the local economy.
Today's vitality originates from a few tumultuous years during the 1860s which changed Aberystwyth from being a remote market town, port and watering-hole for the wealthier classes to a bustling holiday resort with a new university.
Aberystwyth Through Time
With a mile of promenade, beaches, a harbour, ruined castle, medieval street plan, University, National Library of Wales, narrow gauge and funicular railways Aberystwyth is a town of great character and charm. Using images of Aberystwyth dating from a hundred and fifty years ago until the present day the reader is taken on a tour of the town taking in the promenade, outlying districts and the town centre.
Sharon Kay Penman
The author is an American of Irish-English-Welsh heritage who deeply understands and depicts thirteenth-century Wales.
It was a divided country, ever at the mercy of England’s ruthless, power-hungry King John. Llewelyn, Prince of North Wales, secured an uneasy truce by marrying the English king’s beloved illegitimate daughter.
The turbulent clashes of two disparate worlds and the destinies of the individuals caught between them spring to life in this magnificent novel of power and passion, loyalty and lies. The book that began the trilogy that includes Falls the Shadow and The Reckoning, Here Be Dragons brings thirteenth-century England, France, and Wales to their tangled, tempestuous life with fidelity to historical detal, a deep understanding of the Middle Ages, fine prose, and insight into fascinating historical figures.
1899. World's Fleet. Boston Daily Globe
Lloyds Register of Shipping gives the entire fleet of the world as 28,180 steamers and sailing vessels, with a total tonnage of 27,673,628, of which 39 perent are British.
|Great Britain||10,990 vessels, total tonnage of 10,792,714|
|United States||3,010 vessels, total tonnage of 2,405,887|
|Norway||2,528 vessels, tonnage of 1,604,230|
|Germany||1,676 vessels, with a tonnage of 2,453,334, in which are included her particularly large ships.|
|Sweden||1,408 vessels with a tonnage of 643, 527|
For Historical Comparison
Top 10 Maritime Nations Ranked by Value (2017)
|Country||# of Vessels||