Passengers at the Port of San Francisco: 1800s

Thomas McCarty

Arrived in San Francisco in 1852 by ship through the Isthmus of Panama.

Founder of the town of Copperpolis.

Family history note arrived via e-mail:

"I have just spent several hours looking thru your ship lists into San Francisco. I had found through our written family history that my husband's ancestors came to California via the Ismuthus of Panama from New York.

Thomas McCarty brought his bride Agnes Dean McCarty in 1852. He had been in Calaveras County before 1852, so he may have traveled via ship more than once.

The McCarty family went on to own copper mines in Calaveras County and helped found the town of Copperopolis. Our McCarty ranchers are still there today."

May 10, 1861, Sacramento Daily Union
Sacramento, California

The Calaveras Copper Mines.? The San Andreas Independent thus refers to these mines, located near San Andreas:

The best ore on the "Copper Canon" claims are the blue oxyds and the pure sulphurets of copper; but besides these they take out a little of the green and more of the purple oxyds, all of which are distributed through talc or shale. Sometimes the pure native copper is obtained. We were shown a very curious specimen of this, dug from the "Keystone" claim. It is pure metal, as bright as a new cent, was formed in talcose slate, and is impressed with the exact form of the foliage of the Big Trees. It weighs perhaps a pound and a half, and may be seen at the residence of McCarty, two or three miles west of?Copperopolis,?on the Stockton road.?

June 25, 1861, Daily Alta California
San Francisco, California

KING COPPER. ? Calaveras is about to secede from the rule of King Gold and place her neck under the yoke of King Copper. At this momeat all other excitements pale before the copper mania; literally, every man you meet has his "pockets full of rocks," and acids to digest them. All our fluctuating population tends towards the western side of Bear Mountain. Copperopolis is becoming the center of business and rapidly advancing in population and wealth. A month ago it contained a frame house or two, a blacksmith shop, and a large canvas tent store; all else was in the woods. Now we hear of lots being sold in the town limits at prices ranging from $30 to $600. They will soon have under way a first-class hotel, billiard saloons, stores, and all the concomitants of a thriving mining camp. Six miles below, in the neighborhood of Hog Hill and Shaffer's store, things are advancing with the same astonishing rapidity. In every direction the prospectors are striking new veins of mineral, and all seem to be confident that their new discoveries are rich and valuable. We have seen specimens of ore from many of these claims, and they really look as favorable for permanent and profitable mine, as the specimens which come from Copper Canon. Developments on several ot these new veins have been made as far to northward as the Mokelumne river, and the excitement rages now with almost as much violence in the vicinity of Campo Seco, Poverty Bar, Jenny Lind and Spring Valley as it does in the districts where the first discoveries were made. The entire country west of Bear Mountain to the Plains, seems to be "coppered," and will, doubtless, in the course of a few months, be as crowded with mining adventurers as the canons and gulches on this side of the Mountain were during the flush times of gold mining operations ? San Andreas Independent

August 30, 1861, California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences

New Riches in lone Valley.

When we were in lone Valley, we were almost led away by the excitement that was then making the place unusually lively.

A new Lead of Gold and Silver Quartz had been discovered, about two miles above the city; the lead was supposed to be a continuance of the Copperopolis?lead, from?Copperopolis to Mokelumne river and the Campo Seco grounds, and the Cosumne.

The appearance of a large number of citizens all engaged in staking off claims and having the same recorded, called into action all the horses around. Perhaps, if we could have found a horse to ride to the grounds, we might have struck a lucky lead; we heard it said, that many persons who woke that day in moderate circumstances, were millionaires before night.

The Annals of San FranciscoThe Annals of San Francico 1855.
Frank Soule, John H. Gihon, Jim Nisbet. 1855.
Written by three journalists who were witnesses to and participants in the extraordinary events they describe. The Annals of San Francisco is both an essential record for historians and a fascinating narrative for general readers. Over 100 historical engravings are included. Partial Contents: Expeditions of Viscaino; Conduct of the Fathers towards the natives; Pious Fund of California; Colonel John C. Fremont; Insurrection of the Californians; Description of the Golden Gate; The Presidio of San Francisco; Removal of the Hudson's Bay Company; Resolutions concerning gambling; General Effects of the Gold Discoveries; Third Great Fire; Immigration diminished; The Chinese in California; Clipper Ships; Increase of population; and Commercial depression.

Crowley Maritime.Crowley Maritime, San Francisco.Two Men at the Helm: The First 100 Years of Crowley Maritime Corporation, 1892-1992Crowley Maritime Corporation.
Jean Gilbertson.
Crowley Maritime started as a one-man operation, with nothing more than one 18-foot Whitehall rowboat to provide transportation of personnel and stores to ships anchored on San Francisco Bay. In the mid-1800s, the business was incorporated under the name Thomas Crowley and Brothers. Withing a few years, services grew to include bay towing and ship-assist services. By the turn of the century, Crowley's expansion continued by operating small barges to transport steel to Oakland and barrels of oil, ice, and other supplies to ships in San Francisco Bay. In July 1902, the San Francisco Call reported "The new launch Guide, owned by Thomas Crowley & Bros., made her first trip yesterday to the Farallon Islands and carried out her builders' highest anticipations. By 1912, Crowley had built a marine railway, dock and woodworking mill. Growth continues to this day.

A History of CaliforniaThe History of California.
Franklin Tuthill.
This comprehensive 19th century history of California, from its early times up to the Gold Rush was written "because there seemed to be a demand for a History of California which should sketch the main events of the country from its discovery to the present time. Beginning with Spanish priests, who enslaved indigenous tribes, millions rushed in and claimed the land after the Gold Rush. The material is abundant: log-books of ancient mariners; archives of the Government while the territory was under Spanish or Mexican rule; official reports and Congressional documents about the transfer to the United States; files of newspapers; scores of books of intelligent travellers; the oral evidence of natives, and early immigrants." These sources were the base materials for this publication.

When America First Met China:
An Exotic History of Tea, Drugs, and Money in the Age of Sail
When America First Met China.
Eric Jay Dolin.
Amazon.comAncient China collides with America in this epic tale of opium smugglers, sea pirates, and dueling clipper ships. Brilliantly illuminating one of the least-understood areas of American history, best-selling author Eric Jay Dolin traces our relationship with China back to its roots: the nineteenth-century seas that separated a rising naval power from a ancient empire. The furious trade in furs, opium, and bĂȘche-de-mer -- a rare sea cucumber delicacy -- might have catalyzed America's emerging economy, but it also sparked an ecological and human rights catastrophe. Peopled with fascinating characters -- from Robert Morris: Financier of the American Revolution Robert Morris, Financier of the American Revolution. to the The Glorious Reign of Emperor Qianlong: Splendors of China's Forbidden City, who considered foreigners inferior beings -- this saga of pirates and politicians, coolies and concubines becomes a must-read for any fan of Nathaniel Philbrick's MayflowerMayflower. or Mark Kurlansky's Cod.Cod, the fish that changed the world. Two maps, 16 pages of color, 83 black-and-white illustrations.

Atlantis: The Antediluvian World
Ignatius Donnelly.
The author and politician Ignatius Donnelly was born in Philadelphia on 3 November 1831. He was educated in the public schools of his native city, studied law, was admitted to the bar, and practiced. He went to Minnesota in 1857, was elected lieutenant governor in 1859, and again in 1861, and was then elected to Congress as a Republican, serving from 7 December 1863 until 3 March 1869. Besides doing journalistic work he has written an Essay on the Sonnets of Shakespeare, and his most enduring work, Atlantis, the Antediluvian World (New York, 1882), in which he attempts to demonstrate that there once existed in the Atlantic Ocean, opposite the straits of Gibraltar, a large island, known to the ancients as "Atlantis"; and Ragnarok (1883), in which he tries to prove that the deposits of clay, gravel, and decomposed rocks, characteristic of the drift age, were the result of contact between the earth and a comet.


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Maritime Nations, Ships, Sea Captains, Merchants, Merchandise, Ship Passengers and VIPs sailing into San Francisco during the 1800s.



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Sources: As noted on entries and through research centers including National Archives, San Bruno, California; CDNC: California Digital Newspaper Collection; San Francisco Main Library History Collection; and Maritime Museums and Collections in Australia, China, Denmark, England, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Wales, Norway, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, etc.

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