Passengers at the Port of San Francisco: 1800s


Arrive San Francisco

September 18, 1851
SS Oregon
Captain Robert H. Pearson
From Panama


Daily Alta California, September 19, 1851


Later, and Important from Cuba.
Capture and Execution of Fifty Americans.

The P.M.S.S. Co. steamer Oregon, Captain Pearson, arrived in our harbor from Panama yesterday morning about 2 o'clock. She left Panama about 9 o'clock P.M., on the first instant, and has made the run accordingly from anchorage to anchorage, including all stoppages, in sixteen days and six hours.

The Oregon brings 225 passengers, an a large mail.

The news from the Atlantic States by this arrival is not so late as that per the Independence. The intelligence from Panama is fifteen days later, and from Valparaiso, thirty days later.

We are indebted to Adams & Co., and Berford & Co. for late papers from the Atlantic States and Panama. We also have to thank Capt. Pearson and Purser Post, of the Oregon, for similar favors.

The really important feature of the news is relative to the insurrection in Cuba. From the Extra Panama Echo of August 27th, we take the following latest intelligence from that island:

The highly interesting news from Cuba, received per steamer Falcon, and brought first to our city by Capt. Garrison last evening, precludes the propriety of delaying an issue till our regular day of publication. To the information which Capt. Garrison communicated on his arrival, we have appended a translation, kindly furnished us by a friend, of the decree, by the execution of which fifty Americans were faithlessly and inhumanly butchered.

It seems that some four hundred of those who had enlisted in the United States, on receipt of the news of the Cuban Declaration of Independence, succeeded in landing on the island, a few days previous to the arrival of the Falcon. A portion of the party were unfortunately so delayed as to land right in the teeth of a large force of government troops, part of whom encompassed them by land and part by sea. Being unarmed, they surrendered, with the promise that their lives should be spared. Notwithstanding this promise, they were all executed, in accordance with the following:

HAVANA, August 17, 1851

His Excellency the Captain General has ordered the publication of the sentence issued against the fifty pirates, taken by His Excellency and the Commandant-General of the Marines, and whom he has placed at the disposal of the superior authority of the Island.

DECREE. It having been disposed din the general order of the 20th of April last, and subsequently reproduced, what should be the fate of the pirates who would dare to profane the soil of this island, and having heard the declarations of the said fifty individuals by which they have been found to belong to the band commanded by the traitor Lopez, I have disposed, in accordance with the Royal Ordinances, the General Laws of the Kingdom, and more especially, the Royal Order of the 12th June ultimo, which was issued for this particular case, that the said individuals, whose names appear hereafter, should suffer the penalty of death, by fire-arms. The execution of the said sentence being entrusted to the Commander-in-Chief of this City.

Colonel--W.S. Crittenden
Captains--Fred S. Sewer, Victor Kerr, T.B. Veacey
Lieutenants--James Brandt, J.O. Bryce, Thomas C. James
Surgeons--John Fisher, K.A. Tourniquet Adjutant--R.C. Standford Sergeants--J. Whiterens, A.M. Cotchett, Napoleon Collins, G.M. Green, J. Solomon Privates--N.H. Fisher, Wm. Chilling, G.A. Cook, S.O. Jones, M.H. Ball, James Bulet, Robert Caldwell, C.C.W. Smith, A. Ross, P. Brouke, John Christides, Wm. H. Eames, Samuel Mills, Edward Rulman, Wm. Little, Geo. W. Arnold, B.J. Wregy, Robert Cantley, Hogan G. Sands, Wm. Niseman, E.T. Collins, James Stanton, Thomas Harnatt, A.T. Hernandez, Patrick Dillon, Alex McIlcer, Thomas Hearsey, Samuel Reed, John Stubbs, James Ellis, T.H. Vinne, Wm. Hogan, M. Philips, Charles Robinson, James L. Manville.

A resume of the operations of the Patriots, since the beginning of the revolt, shows that the first pronunciamiento took place on the 4th ult., in the partedos of Guaymoro and Gibancia, where 250 men assembled. The next day they marched on Las Tunas, but mistaking a party of Patriots from Holguin for Government troops, a fight ensued, in which, before the error was discovered, five men were killed, and twenty-eight wounded. After this, the combined forces attacked a company of the Zaragoza regiment, which soon joined them with the cry of &Liberty!& On the 8th they arrived at Coscorro with 380 cavalry, and 200 infantry. On the 11th, a detachment, under command of Don Serano Reira, advanced on Santa Cruz, but at the river Najaza came up with four companies of the Cantabria regiment, under command of Col. Conti. These they attacked and defeated, taking prisoners the colonel, six officers, and forty-six men, killing thirty-six and wounding a large number. On the 13th, the Patriots were joined by a section of artillery under Don Gabriel Fortun. On the 17th, a party under Don Augustin Aguero y Agueero attacked and defeated eighty lancers and 3 companies of the Regiment of Isabella II. On the 20th, all the Patriot forces combined and marched towards the mountains, defeating and dispersing on their way three companies of the regiment of Cantabria. On the 21st, the insurgent forces encamped on the heights of Coscorro, amounted to 2600 infantry and 680 cavalry, with 4 pieces of artillery. Active operations were to be recommenced as soon as the news of the movements at Trinidad should be received.

This is a very clear and consistent narrative, and bears much more the appearance of truth than the meaningless gasconade of the Government reports.

We make the following extract from El Mercurio of the 19th August:

The interest of Chile is to observe the progress of California. Chile has really profited more by that country than the United States has done. During the past year, we have disposed of 360,000 sacks of flour, and a vast quantity of other produce of our soil, and judging of the importation of gold which has taken place, we have received ample returns. We possess the nearest important port on the Pacific to California, and it is out interest to foster, by all means, the trade in our agricultural products. As a general thing we can sell cheaper than any other country in the world.


Per steamer Oregon--Left Panama on Monday, the 1st inst., at 8 P.M. Passed the island of Toboga at 9 P.M. On Tuesday morning, 2d inst, passed Point Malo, at 5:30 A.M. The same morning at 11 A.M., off Point Mariato, passed steamer California, bound to Panama; Sunday, 7th inst, at 1 A.M., a fireman named Joseph Harrington, a Swede by birth, fell overboard forward of the wheel, and was lost; the engine was stopped and reversed as soon as possible, and every effort made to save him, but without success. Monday, 9th inst., at 3 A.M., arraived at Acapulco. Sailed again for San Francisoc on Tuesday, 9th inst., at 2 A.M. Same day, at 7:30 A.M., a steerage passenger, named J.N. McGilvray, a native of Scotland, jumped overboard and was drowned; the ship was stopped, a boat lowered with dispatch, but no traces of him could be found. He is supposed to have been deranged, as he had been suffering for several days from a severe attack of fever. Thursday, 11th inst, at 8 A.M., passed a herm brig full of passengers, bound down--could not make out her name. Friday, 12th inst, at 8 A.M., were up with Cape St. Lucas. Sunday, 14th inst, came up with and spoke propeller Quickstop, from Panama for San Francisco. Monday, 15th inst, at 11 P.M., arrived at San Diego, exchanged mails, took in stores, and at midnight resumed our voyage.

Experienced heavy head winds and adverse currents, from Cape St. Lucas up to San Diego. Tuesday, 16th, inst, at 4 P.M., passed the steamer Ohio, bound south. Wednesday, 17th inst, at 2:40 P.M., reached Monterey, exchanged mails, and left at 3:20 P.M.


Consignees: B. Davidson and May; Reynolds & Co.; Dodge & Co; J.W. Gregory; Berford & Co.; T.T. Chauviteau; Pioche, Bayerque & Co.; Adams & Co.; Henlich & Co.


Acern, A.
Addilon, R. A.
Ahlam, M.
Alminate, R.
Andrews, A. B.
Anhauser, H. A.
Anthon, J. A.
Anthon, Mrs.
Armstrong, J.
Ashton, H.
Aspley, E. F.
Bactly, Mrs.
Baker, C. H. P.
Barry, D.
Beckwith, G. G.
Bell, Wm.
Berford, Mr.
Bloodgood, E.
Borr, Miss
Boyd, J.F.
Bradden, W.
Bromeister, Mrs. and child
Brown, J.S.
Bryant, C.R.
Butler, F.S.
Call, Mr.
Call, Wm
Caughey, J.
Chamberlain, J. W.
Chandler, Mr.
Chipman, W.
Clarke, John
Cohen, M.
Comer, J. F.
Cookson, Wm
Courret, Mr.
Cove, Mrs.
Covey, S.
Cox, R.
Cummins, Wm
Curtiss, H.W.
Curtiss, Mrs.
Dariment, M.
Dennicer, E.
Derby, S.
Dinman, James
Dodge, Wm
Dorland, Mr.
Dorland, Mrs. and four children
Dorman, A.
Dorman, Alonzo
Druhan, L.
Duval, M.
Eagan, T.
Edgar, David A., Jr.
Emmerson, John
Farleman, John
Fay, Edward
Ferris, F.
Findley, J.
Findley, W.
Ford, Mr.
Forrington, A. A.
Freeland, Peter
Gardner, B.
Gardner, T.
Geld, John
Gilbert, Wm.
Gildersleeve, H.
Gilmore, G. W.
Gove, W.
Graham, J.
Grant, Mr.
Hackett, John
Hackett, Mrs. and child
Hall, S.
Hamilton, G.
Haste, H.
Hastings, B. B.
Hastings, Thos
Hawver, J. H.
Hawver, W. T.
Hayeman, J. A.
Heddenburg, Mrs.
Helme, G. E.
Heslep, Mrs. and two children
Hevdenfeldt, Judge
Hinkle, Mr.
Hinkle, Mrs. and three children
Hoffman, S.
Hooper, Geo F.
Johnson, Chas. R.
Jones, P.
King, D.
King, Patrick
Knight, Mr.
Knott, J. H.
Kumpfield, John
Laird, G.
Lambert, J.
Leary, Mr.
Lewis, A.C.
Lewis, Wm. A.
Libbey, W.
Locke, D.
Lockride, W.
Lord, C.
Lovey, Mrs. and child
Main, W. M.
Marks, Mr.
Matthews, Wm.
McCarty, J.
McDougal, Gov.
McGilvray, Mr.
McIlvaine, C.J.
McIntyre, D.
McKinley, J.
McLaughlin, M.
Mestayer, L.
Morris, T.A.
Mott, G.
Moulton, S.
Murch, Mr.
Murch, Wm
Murphy, B. P.
Murray, J.
Nagle, S.
North, C.
Oakley, Mr.
Pearce, G.A.
Pease, J.M.
Peck, C.L.
Peck, John
Percy, Tho.
Pettingell, J.
Pierce, M.R.
Putnam, J.P.
Redding, John D.
Reed, G.
Reed, G. H.
Reed, Mrs. J.
Rheem, J.
Rice, Thomas
Richmond, W. G.
Riddle, J. L.
Robison, D. N.
Rochat, H.
Rogers, D.
Rogers, J.C.
Roling, G.W.
Sallard, Madame
Sambline, J.
Scofield, Chas
Selby, W.R.
Shaw, G.N.
Shay, Mrs.
Sidom, Charles
Sidom, S.
Sitgreaves, J. T.
Smalley, E., Jr.
Smith, Jas A.
Smith, Wm. K.
Sompeyrne, V.
Southwick, D. F.
Sprague, C.S.
Stan, B.
Stewart, Edwin
Stewart, Wm
Storrs, J.
Strong, Mr.
Strouth, Mrs. S.
Sullivan, John
Swallow, R.
Sylvester, Mr.
Taylor, Wm.
Thompson, J.
Thorn, Miss
Thorn, Mr.
Thorn, Mrs. D.C.
Travers, Mrs.
Trounpour, J.
Trutch, J.
Urumela, P.
Vance, T.
Veirs, Jesse E.
Vilvears, John
Voelkert, G.
Vorgete, Jos.
Walton, H.
Ward, W. W.
Waterman, J. R.
Whitacre, W.
White, Mr.
Whitney, Mr.
Whittaker, M.
Willey, Rev Mr.
Williams, Miss
Wilson, T.
Wolfe, Mrs. W. and two children
Wood, J.
Wood, Wm. B.
Worthing, Mr.
Yarrington, A.A.
York, Geo

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Sources: As noted on entries and through research centers including National Archives, San Bruno, California; CDNC: California Digital Newspaper Collection; San Francisco Main Library History Collection; and Maritime Museums and Collections in Australia, China, Denmark, England, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Wales, Norway, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, etc.

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