The Maritime Heritage Project

Ship Passengers, San Francisco: 1846-1899

World Harbors and International Migration from The Maritime Heritage Project.

The Maritime Heritage Project.

Under Serious Reconstruction.
Due to new WWW and Google formatting guidelines, 18 years worth of coding on more than 2,500 entries is being updated, Also, lists of gold seekers, opportunists and immigrants sailing into San Francisco during the 1800s are going on a new site -- Ship Passengers. This may take awhile. Please stopover from time to time. Thank you.

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Shipwrecks of the Pacific Coast.Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Shipwrecks of the Pacific Coast
James A. GibbsShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.

The Graveyard of the Pacific.Shipwrecks of the Pacific Coast.
Graveyard of the Pacific
Shipwreck Stories from the Depths of History (Heritage House)
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Anthony Dalton

A Long Dangerous Coastline.Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
A Long, Dangerous Coastline: Shipwreck Tales from Alaska to California (Heritage House)
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Anthony Dalton

Sea Captains.
Before the Wind: The Memoir of an American Sea Captain, 1808-1833An American Sea Captain.
Charles Tyng

Tales of the Seven Seas.
Tales of the Seven Seas:
The Escapades of Captain Dynamite Johnny O'Brien
Tales of the Seven Seas.
Dennis M. Powers
Captain Dynamite Johnny O'Brien sailed the seven seas for over sixty years, starting in the late 1860s in India and ending in 1930 on the U.S. West Coast. He sailed every type of ship imaginable, but this book is more than the story of Captain O'Brien's incredible feats. Tales of the Seven Seas is about sailing where danger and adventure coexists on a daily basis. Smell the salt in the air and hear the ocean's rush as a ship plows its way through heavy seas with hardened men, leaking seams, and shrieking winds. These true stories are about tough times and courageous men in distant places, from the Hawaiian Islands to the Bering Sea, from the waning days of sail to the age of steamships.

Sea Monsters.
Sea Monsters on Medieval and Renaissance MapsSea Monsters.
Chet Van Duzer

American built clippers.Bully Waterman.

The American-Built Clipper Ship, 1850-1856: Characteristics, Construction, and Details
William L. Crothers

Sea Captains: Books

History of the California Gold Rush.

Gold Rush History.

Shanghaiing Days: The Thrilling account of 19th Century Hell-Ships, Bucko Mates and Masters, and Dangerous Ports-of-Call from San Francisco to SingaporeHell Ships and Shanghaiing.
Richard H. Dillon

Rounding the Horn.
Rounding the Horn
Being the Story of Williwaws and Windjammers, Drake, Darwin, Murdered Missionaries and Naked Natives.
A Deck's-eye View of Cape Horn
Murdered Missionaries and Naked Natives.
Dallas Murphy
Fifty-five degrees 59 minutes South by 67 degrees 16 minutes West: Cape Horn, situated at the bottom of South America, is a place of forlorn and foreboding beauty that has captured the dark imaginations of explorers and writers from Francis Drake to Joseph Conrad. For centuries, the small stretch of water between Cape Horn and the Antarctic Peninsula was the only gateway between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Storms are bigger, winds stronger, and the seas rougher than anywhere else on earth. In Rounding the Horn, author Dallas Murphy undertakes the ultimate maritime rite of passage weaving together stories of his own nautical adventures with tales of those who braved the Cape before him from Spanish missionaries to Captain Cook and interspersing them with breathtaking descriptions of the surrounding wilderness.

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Artists of the West

Western ArtWestern Art and Artists.


SS Tennessee

° Vessels & Rigging ° Clippers ° Steamships ° Lines ° Builders ° Shipwrecks

Builder: William H. Webb, New York, 1848. Engine: Side-lever by Novelty Iron Works. Launch: October 25, 1848. Original Owner: Savannah Steam Navigation Company. 1,275 tons (one source cites 1,194-tons, which may be the second Tennessee built in 1853 for J. Hooper.), 211 feet. Wooden side-wheel steamer, 2 decks, 3 masts. Accommodations for 200, enlarged in 1849 to carry 200 cabin and 350 steerage.

The SS Tennessee was initially to run weekly service between New York and Savannah, but she was bought by Howland & Aspinwall/Pacific Mail Steamship Company for the California trade. The Tennessee was the first American steamship whose service was interrupted to be used in the Panama run. She was provisioned for a Pacific voyage by way of the Straits of Magellan and on her first run, because of storms, she carried only 15 passenger, passing the equator on December 23, 1849. When she reached Panama on March 12, 1850 after 57 days at sea from New York, she was met by 3,000 people waiting for passage to San Francisco.

She brought thousands of gold-seekers to the City before sinking just outside of San Francisco's fog-shrouded headlands on March 6, 1853 in an area which is now named Tennessee Cove in her honor. Her passengers, mail and baggage were saved, but she was a total loss. She is but one of dozens of shipwrecks located near the Golden Gate. Other ships include The Lewis (1849), City of Chester (1888), City of New York (1893), and the City of Rio de Janeiro (1901).

More on the Wreck.

List of Passengers.