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United States: Louisiana
The Port of New Orleans has been at the epicenter of American history for centuries: Wars were fought over it and Louisiana was purchased by the United States in order to obtain New Orleans.
The state has been governed under ten different flags beginning in 1541 with Hernando de Soto's claim of the region for Spain. La Salle later claimed it for Bourbon France and over the years Louisiana was at one time or another subject to the Union Jack of Great Britain, the Tricolor of Napoleon, the Lone Star flag of the Republic of West Florida and the fifteen stars and stripes of the United States.
In 1803, Louisiana had become a part of the United States because of the region's importance to the trade and security of the American mid-west. New Orleans and the surrounding territory controlled the mouth of the Mississippi River down which much of the produce of the mid-west travelled to reach market. To get the vital region in American hands, President Thomas Jefferson negotiated the Louisiana Purchase with Napoleon.
The New Orleans, the first steamboat to navigate the Mississippi River, arrived at New Orleans from Pittsburgh on January 10, 1812, thereby opening the river to even more commerce.
Through much of its early history Louisiana was a trading and financial center, and the fertility of its land made it one of the richest regions in America as first indigo then sugar and cotton rose to prominence in world markets. Many Louisiana planters were among the wealthiest men in America.
The plantation economy was shattered by the Civil War although the state continued to be a powerful agricultural region.
Sacramento Daily Union, October 5, 1863
Sacramento, California, U.S.A.
The Capture of the British Steamer Sir William Pitt.
New York, October 4th.
Particulars of the capture of the British steamer Sir William Pitt show that she landed a cargo of arms, etc., in Mexican waters and took on board a cargo of cotton, when the French authorities ordered her to leave Mexican waters, which she did, coming over to the American side of the Rio Grande. Captain Orlando, of the gunboat Seminole, promptly seized her, and transferred her officers arid crew to the Seminole as prisoners of war. He sent the vessel to New Orleans. Captain Hood, of the British ship Pylades, demanded an explanation, which he received from Captain Orlando, to the effect that she had landed contraband of war in American waters and had contraband on board.
Daily Alta California, February 24, 1871
Andrew Jackson's Mother.
When Andrew Jackson left his home in North Carolina for Tennessee, his mother gave him this, advice, as related by himself to W. H. Sparks, of Georgia: "Andy." said she, (she always called me Andy), "you are going to a new country, and among rough people; you will have to depend on yourself, and cut your own way through the world; I have nothing to give you but a mother's advice. Never tell a lie, nor take what is not your own, nor sue anybody for slander or assault and battery; always settle them cases yourself." I promised, and I have tried to keep that promise."
California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences
January 3, 1878
Battle of New Orleans
This memorable day, the Eighth of January, should always be kept in remembrance, as one of the land marks of our Nation's Freedom. General Andrew Jackson's great battle with the Cotton Bags for bulwarks was a great victory and aided grandly in closing the great conflict of our Nation. Let us then keep in mind these events, and never forget those who were so instrumental in securing for us the great blessings our Nation now enjoys.
The discovery of sulphur in 1869 and oil in 1901, coupled with the rise of forestry sent the state on a new wave of economic growth.
The era of the modern Port of New Orleans began in 1879 with the construction of jetties in South Pass, one of three passes that flow from the river into the gulf. Sandbars had formed at intervals in these passes and had hindered ships entering the river since the city's founding. The jetties narrowed South Pass, forcing the river to cut a deeper channel to a depth of 30 feet (9 metres).
The Atlanta Constitution, December 6, 1901
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A.
Welcome to the Crooks.
(From The New Orleans Picayune.)
New Orleans has for a century been famous for the speed and prowess of the horses that have gained their triumphs upon its turf.
Time was when the studs of the great Virginia and other noted stables were brought here by sea in sailing vessels around the capes of Florida, and the celebrated Kentucky coursers came down the great rivers in steamboats and even in the ancient arks or covered barges that floated down with the current. The ancient annals of racing are filled with the names and pedigrees of horses that won great victories and heavy purses on the old Carrollton and Metalrie courses.
Possibly the ancient glories have not in later times been so often repeated, but, nevertheless, winter racing in New Orleans is still a matter of much importance, and it is one of the winter attractions of the city.
It is true that the advent of the racing season brings not a few sharpers, thieves and other rascals; but good times and the climate are in large part responsible for that. Such scoundrels always follow prosperity, and never calamity. It is a good sign when they come, and the police force should be strengthened to look after them.