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United States: Louisiana
The Port of New Orleans has been at the epicenter of American history for centuries: Wars were fought over it, and Louisiana was purchased by the United States in order to obtain New Orleans.
The state has been governed under ten different flags beginning in 1541 with
Hernando de Soto's claim of the region for Spain. La Salle later claimed it
for Bourbon France and over the years Louisiana was at one time or another
subject to the Union Jack of Great Britain, the Tricolor of Napoleon, the
Lone Star flag of the Republic of West Florida and the fifteen stars and stripes
of the United States.
In 1803, Louisiana had become a part of the United States because of the region's importance to the trade and security of the American mid-west. New Orleans and the surrounding territory controlled the mouth of the Mississippi River down which much of the produce of the mid-west travelled to reach market. To get the vital region in American hands, President Thomas Jefferson negotiated the Louisiana Purchase with Napoleon.
The New Orleans, the first steamboat to navigate the Mississippi River, arrived at New Orleans from Pittsburgh on January 10, 1812, thereby opening the river to even more commerce.
Through much of its early history Louisiana was a trading and financial center, and the fertility of its land made it one of the richest regions in America as first indigo then sugar and cotton rose to prominence in world markets. Many Louisiana planters were among the wealthiest men in America.
The plantation economy was shattered by the Civil War although the state continued to be a powerful agricultural region.
October 5, 1863, Sacramento Daily Union, Sacramento, California, U.S.A.
The Capture of the British Steamer Sir William Pitt
New York, October 4th.
Particulars of the capture of the British steamer Sir William Pitt show that she landed a cargo of arms, etc., in Mexican waters and took on board a cargo of cotton, when the French authorities ordered her to leave Mexican waters, which she did, coming over to the American side of the Rio Grande. Captain Orlando, of the gunboat Seminole, promptly seized her, and transferred her officers arid crew to the Seminole as prisoners of war. He sent the vessel to New Orleans. Captain Hood, of the British ship Pylades, demanded an explanation, which he received from Captain Orlando, to the effect that she had landed contraband of war in American waters and had contraband on board.
February 24, 1871, Daily Alta California, San Francisco
Andrew Jackson's Mother.
When Andrew Jackson left his home in North Carolina for Tennessee, his mother gave him this, advice, as related by himself to W. H. Sparks, of Georgia: "Andy." said she, (she always called me Andy), "you are going to a new country, and among rough people; you will have to depend on yourself, and cut your own way through the world; I have nothing to give you but a mother's advice. Never tell a lie, nor take what is not your own, nor sue anybody for slander or assault and battery; always settle them cases yourself." I promised, and I have tried to keep that promise."
March 30, 1884, Daily Alta California, San Francisco
The New York Star says: "New Orleans has now a deeper harbor than New York. The White Star and Guion Lines dare not load their vessels above twenty-six feet, while the French line stops at twenty-four feet. At New Orleans, vessels drawing twenty-six feet of water have no difficulty or delay in getting to sea."
April 10, 1875, Daily Alta California, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.
A law requiring every young Frenchman to serve in the army — similar to that of Germany — has now gone into operation, and all citizens in foreign countries, within the certain limits of age must return and perform the military duty, under penalty of forfeiting their citizenship. The new measure will have several effects— one to make Franoe more military than it has been, another to stimulate the young men to emigrate more extensively than before, and a third to induce those who emigrate to the United States to be naturalized. Louisiana and California are preferred by the French emigrants, and we expect to see them soon commence to arrive in greater numbers than at any time within the last twenty years.
January 3, 1878, California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences
Battle of New Orleans
This memorable day, the Eighth of January, should always be kept in remembrance, as one of the land marks of our Nation's Freedom. General Andrew Jackson's great battle with the Cotton Bags for bulwarks was a great victory and aided grandly in closing the great conflict of our Nation. Let us then keep in mind these events, and never forget those who were so instrumental in securing for us the great blessings our Nation now enjoys.
The discovery of sulphur in 1869 and oil in 1901, coupled with the rise of forestry sent the state on a new wave of economic growth.
The era of the modern Port of New Orleans began in 1879 with the construction of jetties in South Pass, one of three passes that flow from the river into the gulf. Sandbars had formed at intervals in these passes and had hindered ships entering the river since the city's founding. The jetties narrowed South Pass, forcing the river to cut a deeper channel to a depth of 30 feet (9 metres).
December 21, 1891, San Francisco Call, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.
The papers of New Orleans believe that their city will become the greatest shipping port in the country within the next ten years, as the producers in the Northern States west of teh Ohio can ship merchandise to Europe cheaper by way of New Orleans than by any other port.
September 16, 1888, Daily Alta California, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.
A NEW MARKET.
California Refined Sugar Finds a Ready Sale In New Orleans.
Owing to the reduced railroad rate on sugar to New Orleans the Trust refineries and Claus Spreckels are competing for the market in the South. Some time ago the American Company sent a considerable quantity of sugar there. Spreckels resolved to cut into their market, and two weeks ago, when the first of the heavy shipments of California Refinery sugar began to arrive, he sent in 4000 tons of yellow sugar suitable to that trade. By sacking the sugar he obtained a rate of fifty cents a hundred pounds, and was able to sell to jobbers here at half a cent a pound less than the quotation of the New York refineries and three-eighths of a cent below the New Orleans refinery people. The Louisiana refiners raised a cry against the introduction of the California Refinery sugar, and called on the Southern Pacific Company to raise the rate on Spreckels so that his sugar would be driven out. They failed in this and tried to undersell him by the rebate system on purchases, but found that he could meet any figures they could mention.
The California Company is shipping large quantities of sugar |to the newmarket, where it finds a ready sale. Raw sugar is now quoted at 6-1/2 cents, granulated at 8 cents, confectioners' at 7-7/8 cents and all other white grades at 8-3/8 cents, and yellow sugar in proportion.
April 1, 1892, San Francisco Call, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.
Wine for New Orleans.
Yesterday morning the stern - wheeler Zinfandel was at the foot of Third-street wharf discharging a number of 50-gallon casks of California claret shipped from a Sonoma Valley vineyard. These were instantly transferred to trucks in wailing and delivered to the Southern Pacific depot for shipment to New Orleans. The consignment made up three car-loads.
December 6, 1901, The Atlanta Constitution, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A.
Welcome to the Crooks.
(From The New Orleans Picayune.)
New Orleans has for a century been famous for the speed and prowess of the horses that have gained their triumphs upon its turf.
Time was when the studs of the great Virginia and other noted stables were brought here by sea in sailing vessels around the capes of Florida, and the celebrated Kentucky coursers came down the great rivers in steamboats and even in the ancient arks or covered barges that floated down with the current. The ancient annals of racing are filled with the names and pedigrees of horses that won great victories and heavy purses on the old Carrollton and Metalrie courses.
Possibly the ancient glories have not in later times been so often repeated, but, nevertheless, winter racing in New Orleans is still a matter of much importance, and it is one of the winter attractions of the city.
It is true that the advent of the racing season brings not a few sharpers, thieves and other rascals; but good times and the climate are in large part responsible for that. Such scoundrels always follow prosperity, and never calamity. It is a good sign when they come, and the police force should be strengthened to look after them.