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World Harbors from The Maritime Heritage Project in San Francisco.

Seaports of the World




United States: Los Angeles California (Los Angeles County)

CALIFORNIA
° Alameda ° Benicia ° Berkeley ° Long Beach ° Los Angeles ° Mare Island ° Martinez
° Mendocino ° Oakland ° Monterey ° Petaluma ° Port Costa ° Point Reyes
° Sacramento ° San Diego ° San Francisco ° Santa Barbara ° Santa Monica
° Sausalito ° Vallejo (Mare Island, General Vallejo)

South-facing San Pedro Bay was originally a shallow mudflat, too soft to support a wharf. Visiting ships had two choices: stay far out at anchor and have their goods and passengers ferried to shore; or beach themselves.

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Aerial View of the San Pedro Harbor
Los Angeles, California

That sticky process is described in Two Years Before the Mast by Richard Henry Dana, Jr., who was a crewmember on an 1834 voyage that visited San Pedro Bay. 

On February 2, 1848, when California came under American control, business at San Pedro Harbor was booming. It was evident, however, that the Harbor needed to be expanded to accommodate the increasing cargo volume coming into the bay for the growing population in Los Angeles. Phineas Banning, owner of a stagecoach line with routes connecting San Pedro to Salt Lake City, Utah and Yuma Arizona, saw the need to dredge. In 1868, he had already built a railroad to connect San Pedro Bay to Los Angeles, the first in the area. In 1871, he dredged the channel to Wilmington in to a depth of 10 feet—The port handled 50,000 tons of shipping that year. 

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Railroad Kings Huntington, Stanford, Ames, Crocker, Dillon, Moffat.
1800s

After Banning's death in 1885 his sons pursued their interests in promoting the port, which handled 500,000 of shipping in that year. The Southern Pacific Railroad and Collis P. Huntington wanted to create Port Los Angeles at Santa Monica, and built the Long Wharf there in 1893. However the Los Angeles Times publisher Harrison Gray Otis and U.S. Senator Stephen White pushed for federal support of the Port of Los Angeles at San Pedro Bay. The matter was settled when San Pedro was endorsed in 1897 by a commission headed by Rear Admiral John C. Walker (who later went to become the chair of the Isthmian Canal Commission in 1904). 

With U.S. government support breakwater construction began in 1899 and the area was annexed to Los Angeles in 1909. The Port was officially founded in 1907 with the creation of the Los Angeles Board of Harbor Commissioners.

Los Angeles.
Ship enroute from Los Angeles to San Francisco

May 26, 1902, Woodland Daily Democrat
Woodland, California, USA

SOUTHERN BUREAU
Its Maintenance Brings Good to San Joaquin Valley.

Calvin B. Brown Is secretary of the Stockton chamber of commerce. While on a recent visit to Sacramento he told of the practical results which have followed the maintenance of a bureau in Los Angeles. His explanation makes it quite clear that the Sacramento valley development association, cooperating with the San Joaquin valley counties that have affiliated for the purpose of maintaining the Los Angeles bureau might do some very effective advertising. Among other things Mr. Brown says:

"The affiliation was effected and the exhibit room opened February 1st. During the three months ending May 1st over 15,000 people have visited the exhibit, and been given literature relative to the San Joaquin Valley. Weekly excursions have been run into the valley from Los Angeles, each carrying from fifteen to sixty prospective land buyers. An active real estate market at once sprang up throughout the valley; sales were made in every county in the valley; the register at the Stockton chamber of commerce has for more than a mouth recorded the names of ten Easterners dally, most of whom were seeking investments. The money for the support of this Los Angeles exhibit room was pro rated among the counties of the valley, and about $100 per month for a period of three months was guaranteed by San Francisco banks.

Before the expiration of this guarantee the California promotion committee had been formed in San Francisco, and the banks which had subscribed to the valley fund had become subscribers to the promotion committee. The valley association appointed a committee to proceed to San Francisco at the expiration of the pledge from the San Francisco banks, and to attempt to get half of the expense of maintaining the Los Angeles office from the promotion committee. The effort was successful and the committee voted unanimously to give $250 a month to the Los Angeles work for the period of one year, with the following provisos: That the San Joaquin Valley Association should spend a like amount in IMS Angeles and that the Sacramento Valley Improvement Association would be let in on the Los Angeles work, provided they would give $260 a month for the privilege.

The secret of the success of the work done by the Stockton chamber of commerce has been the establishment of a system of checks so that contributors to the work were kept in constant touch with the returns. The chamber has acted on the theory that a dollar spent on an intending settler already within the state would bring better returns than $20 spent haphazard in the east. Los Angeles was selected for the field of endeavor, because it is the rendezvous for prospective buyers from all over the world, made so through the enormous advertising of Los Angeles done by the chamber of commerce of that place, and the transportation companies.

~ ~ ~ ~

Los Angeles.
The Golden Crucible:
An Introduction to the History of American California 1850 to 1905
Los Angeles. 
Blake Ross

Los Angeles.First Prize Essay James D. Phelan Historical Essay Contest held under the auspices of the San Francisco Branch, League of American Pen Women. From the introduction: The Golden Crucible is well named, because, first of all, in the minds of the people, California is regarded as the Golden State. It was not the actual discovery by Cabrillo that awakened wonder, but the discovery of gold by Marshall.

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Los Angeles Steamship Company.California.
Hollywood to Honolulu, The Story of the Los Angeles Steamship CompanyCalifornia.
Martin Cox Gordon Ghareeb

California.
The Fragmented Metropolis: Los Angeles, 1850-1930 (Classics in Urban History)California.
Robert M. Fogelson

California.
William Mulholland and the Rise of Los Angeles
Catherine Mullholland California.

Assembling California by John McPhee.California.
Assembling CaliforniaCalifornia.
John McPhee

California.
History of Los Angeles for KidsCalifornia.
Joseph Madden

California.
The Jews of the United States, 1654-2000California.
Hasia R. Diner

Other Immigrants.Other Immigrants.
Other Immigrants: The Global Origins of the American PeopleCalifornia.
David Reimers

Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians represent three of every four immigrants who arrived in the United States after 1970. Yet despite their large numbers and long history of movement to America, non-Europeans are conspicuously absent from many books about immigration.

Western Jewry. An Account of the Achievements of the Jews and Judaism in California, Including Eulogies and Biographies.California.
Martin A. Meyer

California Historical FictionCalifornia.

  • Ursula K. LeGuin;
  • The Journal of Wong Ming Chung, a Chinese Miner in 1852;
  • Fever 1793 by Laurie Halse Anderson (a gold medal winner for ages 10-14);
  • The Emperor of California;
  • Wagons West: California by Dana Fuller Ross;
  • California Kingdoms, Robert Broomall;

John SteinbeckCalifornia.

California GoldCalifornia.
John Jakes

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