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Passengers at the Port of San Francisco: 1800sSS Oregon

Arrive San Francisco

May 4, 1854
SS Oregon
Captain W. H. Hudson
From Panama

Passage

Daily Alta California, May 5, 1854

ARRIVAL OF THE OREGON

Still Further from Acapulco.
Interview between Commodore Watkins and
Santa Ana.
STEAMERS PERMITTED TO ENTER THE PORT.
A Battle - Killed and Wounded.

The P.M. steamer Oregon, W. H. Hudson, Esq., Commander, arrived last evening a few moments after the Yankee Blade, having left Panama on the 18th, P.M., with 640 passengers, and 270 bags U. S. mails.

Among the passengers is Commodore Watkins, the well known and popular commander of the Panama, and more recently connected with the ill-fated San Francisco, Mr. Mellus, the mate, and Mr. Schell, the Purser of the same vessel are also passengers.

A battalion of U. S. troops, composed of Companies B and L, 3d Artillery, consisting of six officers and 169 enlisted men, arrived on the Oregon.

Memoranda.

Per Oregon -- Left San Francisco April 1st, at 5 P. M.; arrived Acapulco on the 9th, 5 P. M. The steamer Pacific arrived three hours later. The Oregon coaled and left same evening, and arrived at Panama on the 15th, at 11 P. M., 14 days and six hours from San Francisco.

Left Panama at 4 P. M. on the 19th. The Yankee Blade sailed an hour and a half earlier.

Arrived off the harbor of Acapulco at 2 A. M. on the 25th, and was hove to, by the Mexican ship of war Santa Ana firing two shots across our bow. Spoke the Br clipper ship Eastern City, 20 miles north of Monterey.

We are indebted to Wells, Fargo & Co. Messenger, for the following very full and interesting particulars of the difficulties at Acapulco:

Arrived off the harbor of Acapulco at 3 A. M. of the 25th, and found the same in a state of actual blockade by two Mexican ships of war, acting under the orders of, and in concert with, Emperor Santa Ana, who was in command on shore of a force, besieging the town and fort, which were in possession of the insurgents under Gen. Alvarez. The Oregon was fired at twice, first with blank and afterwards with shot, from a twenty-four pounder, and brought to between the two blockading vessels. A Mexican officer came on board and remained until daylight, the Oregon tying to off the harbor. At daybreak, Com. Watkins went on board the ship of war Santa Ana, and obtained permission to bear on shore a flag of truce to the Emperor, accompanied by a Mexican officer. After an interview with the Emperor and a representation of the circumstances of the case, his Excellency was please to allow the Oregon to enter the harbor.

The town and fort, although occupied by a force of insurgents, reported to be 7000 strong, were almost wholly deserted by the inhabitants, who had fled to the neighboring haciendas. Santa Ana was present in force with 5000 soldiers. A lodgment of 200 men had been effected by Santa Ana, a few days before, in a ravine near the fort, but the day before the arrival of the Oregon, had been dislodged with a loss of sixty killed and as many taken prisoners. The fortifications at Acapulco are fine specimens of Spanish military architecture; strong, well furnished with ammunition, and first class ordnance, and would long resist a regular siege; but Santa Ana has no artillery, except a few small pieces, which are transported on the backs of mules, and are totally inadequate for the purpose of a siege.

The rebellion headed by Alvarez is a vital movement, of more dignity and importance than usually attached to a Mexican pronunciamento. It is a movement in favor of restoration of the Federative Republic, and the overthrow of the system of centralization, established by Santa Ana. Alvarez, who heads the movement, has been for many years the Governor of the State of Guerrero, in which Acapulco is situated. He is the owner of large tracts of the richest cultivated lands; a man of great native qualities, but uncultivated; a pure Indian by blood, and enthusiastically beloved by the people of his State, who are most likely of that race.

If the information obtained from the foreign residents of Acapulco can be relied upon, Santa Ana is placed in a very critical position. His force and material are certainly inadequate to dislodge the insurgents, or to take the town; while Alvarez stands at bay with a large force in reserve, ready to fall upon his rear and cut off his communications with the city of Mexico, as soon as the rainy season, which is daily expected, shall commence. In the opinion of our informants the blockading force of the Mexican President will probably afford him more assistance in securing him the means of personally withdrawing from his present position, than in any other way.

Cargo

102 pkgs mdse Geo Aiken Esq; 39 pkgs express goods Wells, Fargo & Co; 103 do do Adams & Co; 3 pkgs mdse Rousset, Auger & Co; 3 do do Belloc, Freres & Suscan; 43 do do St Losky & Levy; 8 do do Hyneman, Peck & Co; 1 pkg jewelry McGregor & Co; 3 pkgs canary birds, order.

Passengers

Abbot, A.
Abbot, C. A.
Allen, W. C.
Ambuster, David
Ambuster, John
Andrews, Miss
Atkins, Mrs. H., and 4 children
Auman, Col. A.
Auman, W. F.
Avery, S. W.
Ayres, Lieut.
Baldwin, O. F.
Barstow, S. D.
Barton, E. F.
Beale, Lieut., lady and servant
Betross, J.
Bigger, J. W.
Blent, W. B.
Bor (Bore, Bord ), D. P.
Bowers, J. W.
Boyd, Miss
Brumager, Joan
Burton, J. S.
Buthera ( ). Jno. L.
Butler, Mrs. M. D., and child
Call, W. W., wife and 2 children
Cassady, Mrs.
Chadwick, W. L.
Church, A.
Clancy, J.
Cobin (Cohin ), J.
Cochrane, E. S.
Coleman, Chas. L.
Cook, Mrs., and child
Cowell, Jno.
Cowper, S.
Creigh, Mrs., and s children
Currier, c.
Dagget, D. F.
Day, Lieut.
Deal, W.
Delapsine (Delapaine ), Jose
Dobbenstein, S. ( )
Dopman, Miss E.
Doptman, H., and servant
Dwinelle, Jno. H.
Edwards, Lieut.
Emory, J. C.
Fairchild, E., and son
Fairchild, Mrs.
Faulkner, D. H.
Fectig, E., wife and servant
Ferguson, Y.
Fisher, A. G.
Follinsbee, E. W.
Foot, A. B.
Fowler, A. B.
Frazer, Jno. W.
Freaner, Geo., and servant
Goddard, Mrs.
Grattans, G.
Graves, Jas. E.
Hall, Mrs. C. A.
Hall, R.
Hall, W., wife and 2 children
Harrison, E. L.
Hart, J.
Hendry, A. H.
Hill, Miss J.
Hol, Chas. F., and lady
Houser, Mrs., and child
Hubbard, E.
Hyde, E., wife, child and servant
Irwin, Miss S.
Johnson, A.
Johnson, Jno.
Judson, E.
Kellogg., Lieut.
Kelly, D. W.
Kelly, J. D.
Kerlesi (Kealesi ). Fred
Kerlin, F. E.
Loestig, I., wife and child
Lupton, J. F., and child
Lyndal, Mrs.
Mack, H. O.
Mackay, E.
Marony, J.
Mason, Jno.
McClellan, Miss
McDonald, Miss
McKay, Rev. S., and lady
McPherson, W., and child
Mellus, Capt. E.
Moore, A.
Moore, J. W.
Mulford, J. A.
Neville, Jno., and lady
Norman, R. B., and lady
Olcott, W.
Oldhoff, Miss A.
Osgood, Miss W.
Parrot, W. S.
Pope, Chas.
Potter, J.
Potter, P.
Potter, W.
Reed, H.
Rice, Dr. C. W.
Rice, Miss C. A.
Richardson, J. F., and lady
Richardson, J. W.
Risten, Miss
Robinson, E., lady and 2 children
Rodgers, Mrs. A.
Schell, Theo L.
Smith, Mrs. A.
Stephens, Jno.
Sullivan, Dr. J.
Taylor, W. H.
Tenbrock (Tenbrocks ), Dr.
Tomlinson, R. L.
Topenheimer, E.
Trenior, D. E.
Wade, H. W., wife and infant
Waldron, Mary
Ward, M.
Watkins, Com., lady and 3 servants
Watt, Jas.
Weightman, J., and sister
Welch, Mrs. and child
Wells, Miss A.
Wilder, A.
Wilson, M. A.
Yates, R.
440 in steerage

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Central America, Southern Mexico, c.1842
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Print of gold seekers transferring at the Panama Canal.
The passage across the Isthmus of Panama from Eastern Seaboard ships to West Coast Ships bound for San Francisco

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Sources: As noted on entries and through research centers including National Archives, San Bruno, California; San Francisco Main Library History Collection; Maritime Library, San Francisco, California, various Maritime Museums around the world.

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