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Arrive San Francisco

August 19, 1852
SS Golden Gate
Captain C. P. Patterson
From Panama

Passage

August 19, 1852, Daily Alta California, San Francisco, California

The Troubles on the Golden Gate

Capt. Patterson, of the Golden Gate, has handed us a few particulars concerning the detention of the steamer at Panama, and the mortality which prevailed among the U. S. troops whilst lying at that place.

On the 17th July, the steamer being then in readiness to receive the passengers ticketed for her, a number came on board, and on the 20th about 650 of of the 4th infantry were also received. The remainder of the regiment, some 100 in number, with the sick and camp attendants, were received in course of the ensuing week, great delay having occurred in their march over the Isthmus. On the night of the 20th one of the soldiers died of cholera, and a number of others were attacked, three more dying the succeeding night.

The agent of the Company at Panama, apprehensive of the disease spreading in the ship, at once dispatched the steamer to Taboga, and fitted up one of the Company's vessels as a hospital, into which the sick were promptly transferred. This change was marked by such beneficial effects, that the disease was checked and nearly disappeared, twenty-one deaths having occurred among the troops up to this period. The number of passengers, including the troops, ticketed to go forward upon the Golden Gate being large, the agent determined to dispatch two additional steamers, with such as preferred to go forward at once, and the Columbia sailed up on the 26th, followed by the Unicorn on the 27th.

After the sailing of the steamers, a change of weather unfortunately caused the cholera to reappear with increased severity, when, with the concurrence of Col. Bonneville, all the troops were landed upon Flamingo Island, and quartered in houses and tents. On Wednesday night, 29 deaths occurred, confined to the troops, and 2 of the crew, notwithstanding which the passengers, free from panic, preferred to remain on board the ship, which was thoroughly fumigated for several days in succession, but after the removal of the troops from the steamer, but one death occurred among those remaining on board. The health of those on shore improved so rapidly that on on Saturday it was determined if no new cases appeared in the course of two days, to receive on board 450 of those perfectly well, and to transfer the convalescent and others remaining in charge of the Northerner, so soon as the state of the health would safely admit of their removal.

The whole number of deaths which occurred of cholera was 67, of which there were but two passengers, exclusive of the troops.

On the passage no symptom of cholera appeared, and but three deaths from any cause occurred among the 700 souls on board. The cause of the mortality is solely attributed to the exposure and imprudence of the troops while marching over the Isthmus.

The above is a substantially correct account of the trouble, cause of detention of the steamer Golden Gate, and the manner in which her passengers were treated and accommodated. The company certainly did everything in their power for the benefit of their passengers, and deserve great credit for their prompt and efficient exertions. It is a cause of congratulation for all that the results of the detention were not attended with more disastrous effects.

THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 19.

TEN DAYS LATER.
ARRIVAL OF THE GOLDEN GATE
QUICK PASSAGE FROM PANAMA

Arrival of the 4th Regiment U. S. Infantry

Dispute Between England and United States
Passpage of Collins Appropriation Bill
-Precipitate Departure of Kossuth from the United States.

The magnificent steamer Golden Gate, Capt. Patterson, ARRIVED yesterday in one of her extraordinary quick trips. Her report, which is furnished by Capt. Macey, shows her running time to be but eleven days and twenty-one hours!

The U. S. Mail steamship Golden Gate, C.P. Patterson, U.S.N., Commander, arrived this morning from Panama, which port she left on the 5th inst. The Golden Gate brings 100 bags of mail matter, 170 passengers and the 4th Regiment U.S. Infantry. The steamship Northerner arrived at Panama on the 3d, and would leave the 6th. August 9th, 6 o'clock P.M. saw a steamer, but did not make her out. August 10th, at 4 o'clock A M, saw a steamer off Acapulco; supposed they both belonged to the San Juan line. August 10th, arrived at Acapulco and left the same evening; detained twenty hours. Running time from Panama five days and one hour. The steamship Oregon, hence for Panama, left Acapulco on the 9th inst. Mr. Rice, U. S. Consul, with his family, left in the Oregon for the United States. The propeller Com. Stockton, (the cause of the difficulty with Mr. Rice,) was sold by the Mexican authorities and had gone to the southward. The ship Manlius, Capt. Baker, sailed on the 10th for Callao. The ship Humboldt would leave in a few days for Manila. August 16th, arrived at San Diego: detained six hours. Same day arrived steamer Ohio, from San Francisco. The schooner Emily, forty days from Mazatlan with ninety passengers, was reported as being some twenty miles to the leeward of San Diego, destitute of water and provisions. The Ohio would probably be sent to her relief. On the 16th of August, at 7 o'clock, P. M., spoke steamship Panama, off Santa Barbary (cq.) Island, hence for Panama. The Golden Gate arrived off the Heads early this morning, but owing to the density of the fog, could not run in. The G.G. has made the passage from Panama in eleven days and twenty-one hours running time.

Latest

August 17, 1852, Steamer Golden Gate

Messrs. Editors I left New York on the Illinois, on the 20th July, in the midst of the most imposing pageant that Old Gotham ever witnessed funeral procession in honor of our great departed statesman, Henry Clay. The procession commenced moving at the very hour the wheels of the Illinois were revolving, and that, of course, I did not see. But Broadway never presented a more sorrowful or grandly imposing appearance than on that occasion. The splendid Astor House was completely shrouded with fine crape, festooned into diamonds before each window, while its stately granite showed through the sable tissue dimly, as though it would veil its majestic proportions from the eye on this day or national sorrow and regret. The Irving House, Stewart's, and French's Hotel, were tastefully dressed in mourning, and I can well conceive the imposing character of the affair.

The vessels left in the harbor of Acapulco at the time were the American ship Russell, San Francisco; Manlius, Boston; Humboldt, Boston; Am barque Ann Maria; Chile barque Velos; English barque Emily. At 11 P.M. we got under weigh, and at daylight, Monday 16th, we entered the bay of San Diego, where we landed the mails, and got orders for the troops to proceed to Benecia. The steamer Ohio entered the harbor while we were lying at San Diego, and we procured late San Francisco papers, containing, among other items of interest, the news at the death of my friend, Hon. En. Gilbert. The news spread a gloom over the hearts of many of our passengers, who knew and esteemed him.

Twenty miles below San Diego, the schooner Emily was lying with sixty passengers on board, bound for San Francisco, and entirely out of provisions. The owner, however, had chartered the pilot boat, loaded her with supplies, and was towing her outside as we left. She left Mazatlan sixty-four days since, with ninety-three passengers, and forty days provisions. The only news of importance at San Diego was the capture, two days since, of three notorious Stockton and San Francisco reprobates, for horse-stealing, and attempting to steal the pilot boat there. One was stated to be the "Yankee Jim," of Vigilance Committee notoriety, who some time since escaped his merited punishment, which it is to be hoped he will now receive. I cannot close my letter without a word of merited praise of our beautiful ship the Golden Gate, and her admirable administration. A smarter craft ne'er stemmed the ocean wave; a more delightful commander never guided cleaving prow. It is not to be wondered at that she should be a universal favorite. We heard at San Diego, that she had been reported at San Francisco as having been lost off Monterey, all on board perishing.

We are indebted to Adams & Co. for the first delivery of our papers, and to Messrs. Wells, Fargo & Co. for a great and valuable variety of exchanges. Berford & Co. have also supplied us.

Thirty mail bags brought to Aspinwall by the Illinois were too late for the Golden Gate. They will be sent up on the Northerner.

The accounts by the Golden Gate from New York are to the evening of the 20th of July, and from England to the 7th. The mails were brought to Aspinwall by the steamer Illinois, and consist of 100 large bags. The Golden Gate brings the Fourth Regiment of U.S. Infantry, command of Col. De Bonneville, consisting of 434 privates.

The officers of the regiment are Col. De Bonneville, Col. Wright, Major Alvord, Capt Wallen lady and 3 children, Capt. Grant, Capt. McConnell, Lieutenant Underwood and lady, Lieut. Collins and lady. Lieut Slaughter and lady, Lieutenants Montgomery, Jones, Russell, Scott, Wathers, Bates, Morris, Hodges, Mr. Alvord, Mr. Camp.

There are also twenty-one women and twenty children belonging to the soldiers of the regiment.

Lieut. Gore, of the U. S. Army, died on board the Golden Gate on the 1st inst. at Toboga.

Eighty-four of the troops died at Toboga, and the invalids were left at the island of Fleminco, in the Bay of Panama, in charge of Lieuts. Boneycastle, Huger, and Surgeon Tripler.

The leading topic of interest in the States is a dispute between our Government and England, in relation to the fisheries on the Banks of Newfoundland. Sir John Parkington, the British Secretary of State for the Colonies, has put on a different construction to the Fishery Convention of 1818 to that acquiesced in by both countries for the last twenty years. The British Government to enforce the views of their Secretary, were about to dispatch a small naval force of steamers to that region. The Hon. Daniel Webster, Secretary of State, has published an official document, taking a different view of the treaty, and informs all of the exact state of affairs. A fishing vessel called the Coral, had been seized by the British cutter Netley, and taken to the port of St. John's, in New Brunswick, where proceedings were being taken for her forfeiture. The whole subject is now engaging the attention of our Government . . .

We deeply regret to announce the sudden death of Roger Jones, Adjutant General U.S. Army. He was apparently in the prime and vigor of life, when, in a brief hour, he was stricken down.

The cholera, although considerably abated, still lingers in the western cities and towns, and on the waters of' the Ohio and Mississippi rivers.

The Great Land Bill is still before the Committee on Public Lands in the United States Senate, and its fate is uncertain. The Bill provides for the distribution among the States, old and new, of sixty-three millions acres of public domain. The old States, however, get but a small share only one hundred and fifty thousand acres for each Senator and Representative. The quantity of public land thus to be taken for distribution, is more than one half of the whole quantity that has, since the formation of the Government, been disposed of by sale and donation. The whole number of acres that have been disposed of is one hundred and one millions; the whole quantity remaining, including acquisitions from Mexico and lands to which the Indian title has not been extinguished, in thirteen hundred million acres . . .

The steamship Fanny, which was recently seized and detained by the United States Marshal, at Savannah, for a violation of the maritime laws, in having too many passengers on board, was released last Saturday, and sailed for San Francisco. If the maritime officers in some of the other southern ports were equally at prompt as the Savannah functionary, a large amount of disease and death on shipboard would be prevented.

Kossuth very unceremoniously left New York on the 14th of July on board of the Cunard Steamer Africa. Mad. Kossuth and Count Blethen his aid, accompanied him. No token of his departure . . .

The Mint edifice about to be built in California is to be, by law, the place of deposit for the United States Government moneys collected in this State. The cost of the building, and assaying and coining machinery, is not to exceed $300,000. It will probably be double that amount before the last bill is footed . . .

The bill granting additional compensation to the Collins line of steamers was agreed to in the House by a vote of 84 to 73. It had already passed the Senate . . .

THE PUBLIC LANDS IS CALIFORNIA, ETC.

On motion of Sir. Gwin, of Ca., the Senate took up the bill providing for a survey of the public lands in California, the granting of donation privileges therein, and for other purposes. Mr. Gwin offered a substitute for the bill, which was amended, and then adopted. The bill was then ordered to be engrossed . . .

European News.

The news by the Humboldt, at New York, from Europe, reaches the 7th of July.

When the Humboldt left, the whole of the United Kingdom was engaged in the excitement and turmoil of a general election. The polling in most of the cities and towns was to take place either on the 7th or 8th, and for the counties some days later. It was generally thought that parties in the New Parliament would be pretty evenly balanced, and that Lord Derby's government would not succeed in getting a working majority. It was feared the elections would not pass off without disturbances, the Stockport riots having fearfully aroused the religious animosities of both Protestant and Catholic voters in the North.

On the 3d, at Liverpool, the police seized a large manufactory of formidable pikes, which, it is said, have been manufactured at the order of one of the Aldermen of the borough for the Orangemen to he used either for defense or aggression at the election. The most strenuous exertions were to be made to preserve the peace at Liverpool.

The Eastern Steam Navigation Company, of London, have proposed a plan to their stockholders for building two steamships, 700 feet long, of 14,000 tons burden, each vessel to have two sets of paddle wheels, and a screw propeller, of an aggregate power of 3000 horses. These vessels are to run from Milford Haven to Alexandria, and from Suez to Calcutta. These ships, it is expected, will go at the rate of thirty miles an hour, and are to cost 350,000 or $1,750,000 . . .

Isthmus Intelligence

The news from the Isthmus of Panama is down to the 5th inst.

The sickness reported among the passengers by the Columbia had entirely subsided; there was no disease of any kind apparent either at Panama, Cruces, or Aspinwall. At the latter place, however, it was said that a slight disease resembling dysentery prevailed.

The ship Victoria would sail in a day or two for San Francisco, with passengers.

We are informed that within the last twenty-four hours three or four dead bodies of the United States troops have washed ashore at different points near the city walls; part at Raja-Pana and part on the beach of the Playa Prieta. Whether the corpses came from the Golden Gate or from the Island of Flamenco, where the remainder of the troops are now lying, we are unable to say Herald Aug. 3.

Some little excitement is again observable at Panama, growing out of the discoveries of the gold mines at Choco The Herald says:

None doubt the existence of extensive and rich gold mines on the Isthmus of Panama. Sufficient test has already been made to prove their profitableness, at least in the vicinity of Choco, from whence large quantities of dust have been sent to this city as well as to Europe from Buenaventura, by the English steamer. Most of the mines in Choco are held as private property, and consequently cannot be worked by private individuals without paying a heavy percentage of their earnings. These mines are more easy of access than any known ones we know of, which renders them the more valuable. The most extensive mining on the Isthmus is carried on in the neighborhood of Quibdo or Citera, and the parties owning and working them are receiving great profits upon the capital invested, and that is a reason for not wishing foreigners to operate in the mines in that vicinity.

REPORT OF SICKNESS Lest the report might be spread abroad that a great deal of sickness exists on the Isthmus, and thus prevent those choosing to avail themselves of this route to California, we affirm that Panama is quite healthy at the present writing, and no fears are entertained that any unusual amount of sickness will visit us for the balance of the year. Strangers may come among us, and with proper care, have no fear of any interruption to their good health.

Died on the 1st of August on board the Golden Gate, Lieut. Gore of the U.S. Army

Cargo

Consignees Per Golden Gate: Adams & Co., 57 pkgs; Wells, Fargo & Co., 18 pkgs; J.W. Gregory, 5 pkgs; D. Danglads, 3 pkgs, E.G. Lugere, 13 pkgs; F.S. Alvarez, 1 pkg; Lazard Frerce, 3 pkgs; A. Tobias & Co., 10 pkgs; S.T. Meyer & Co., 9 pkgs; George Akin, 8 pkgs; D.S. Turner, 1 pkg $300; order 21 pkgs.

Passengers

J. Willets
J. Underhill
Dr. W. G. Deal
R. Greenbow
W. Flint
W. H. Wyse and servant
R. Van Volkenburgh
F. C. Gray
Mrs. Hayne
Mrs. Dodge, 2 children and servant
Miss Abbott
G. M. Bochins, lady and child
L. Warren, lady and 4 children
W. Bailey and lady
B.W. Alexander
W. C. Briggs, lady and servant
Mrs. Sherwood and 2 children
Mrs. Ferguson
Mrs. Washburn
J. F. Sargeant
Danl D. Page
J. W. Kennan
B. Hobart, Jr.
Mrs. Sedgely and child
Mrs. Goodfellow
W. H. White, lady, child and servant
Miss Whitcomb
Miss Foster
W. T. Butler and lady
J. Palmer
W. Rollinson, lady, 2 children and servantf
W.D. Wilson
W. F. Stewart
Mrs. Whittier
B. F. Whittier
Sister McEnnis
Sister Buckley
Sister McKay
Sister Doyle
Sister Williams
Mrs. Atkinson and child
C. L. Ingoldsby
W. Van Voorhees
W. Neilson, Jr.
S. A. Seymour
Mrs. Parker and 2 children
Mrs. Fairburn
Rev. Schweringen
Mrs. Nightingale and child
H. C. Jewell
A. J. Ellis and servant
F. A. Woodworth
Mr. Burgess
J. W. Griffin
A. Brown
C. Peck
W. Jewell and lady
Thos. Gihon
S. A. Whiting
J. D. Gilbert
Capt. A. Eldridge
G. Suckley
J. McCullough
Mrs. Thomas
Miss Broderick
C. Chandler
A.J. Tobias and lady
T.S. Schoffer and child
Mrs. Rhind
Mrs. Ehrick
Mrs. Buckner
Mrs. Lea and child
Mrs. Bulock and child
Mrs. White
Mrs. Moore
E.B. Jenkins
A. Brown, lady and servant
Dr. McMurtie (could be McMurttie)
E. T. Westcott
F. Duncan
J. J. Joseph
S. J. Joseph
J.B. Smith
Captain Hammersly
Captain Hunter
E. G. Lugere
J. M. Judah
Mr. Thrie (difficult to read)
B. Hobart
J. Bailey
T. McCord
E. Spear
Mr. Burr
Mrs. Champney
H. H. Champney
C. Leberman
W. Peasely
A. Peasely
W. Gustin
J. W. Adams
W. Logan
D. Crowder
L. Stellman
J. Stellman
H. Clouse (spelling )
P. Schonerf
James Rollins
J. Botterman
H. Hottinger
P. Camick
Louis Rasch
Louis Long
J. Mullin
W.H. Adams
G. Whiteman
W. P. Richer
Pat Riley
N. Cole
F. Cole
C. Phelps
D. Johnson
E. Gillespie
F. Anthony
G. W. Thomas
J. M. Hurlbut
C. Brewster

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Sources: As noted on entries and through research centers including National Archives, San Bruno, California; San Francisco Main Library History Collection; Maritime Library, San Francisco, California, various Maritime Museums around the world.

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