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Passenger Lists: San Francisco 1800s  

SS Brother Jonathan

Arrive San Francisco

August 30, 1854 
Captain Baldwin 
From San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua




August 31, 1854, Daily Alta California, San Francisco

The Nicaragua steamship Brother Jonathan arrived yesterday morning from San Juan, bringing dates from New York to Aug. 4th.

The following is her Memoranda and list of Passengers:


Steamer Brother Jonathan left San Francisco August 1st, at half-past 2 o’clock, P. M. Arrived at San Juan at daylight of the morning of the 14th inst. The passengers down crossed from steamer to steamer in 30 hours, and undoubtedly reached New York in 22 days.

The B. J. left San Juan at 6 P. M., August 17th, with 400 passengers, 59 of whom are ladies. Have not had a case of sickness since leaving San Francisco. The road from San Juan to Virgin Bay was in excellent condition. The passengers came over without having any rain.

The revolution in Nicaragua still continues, and the revolutionist party are offering foreigners $200 per month, with grants of land, &c. Major Doss, formerly of Panama, and who commanded the artillery of the Government, was lately killed at Granada.

Those two important posts, the consulships at London and Havana, have been awarded, and now can be considered out of the market. General Campbell, formerly Consul at Havana, supercedes George N. Sanders at London. The consulship at Havana falls to Roger Barton, of Mississippi.

A terrible accident took place at the New York Gas Works on the afternoon of Saturday, July 28th.

At a quarter past one o’clock, the laborers and others employed in the works returned from dinner, and had only been for a few minutes in the yard when the brick walls which sustained the new and extensive iron roofs of the building, fell to the ground with a crash, carrying the roofs and supporting pillars with them, and burying many men and horses in the ruins.

LIST OF THE DEAD. - Cornelius Wyckoff, foreman of the bricklayers; Patrick Shea, James Gilhooly.

WOUNDED. - James Flannigan, Robert Junk, Thomas Kelly, Thos. Wyer, Wm. Symas, Miles Burns, Daniel Sullivan, Geo. White, Jas. Mahoney, Jas. Burns.

No one would attempt to offer any opinion as to the probable cause of the calamity, nor did any person about the building seem desirous of conversing with the reporters of the press. It is, however, presumed that the walls had been shaken by the sudden gust of Wednesday night, and perhaps cracked by the vibration of the roof induced by an electric influence.

The extensive cotton, flour and woollen (sic) mills at Lebanon, Tennessee, were consumed by fire on the 1st of Aug. The loss amounts to $110,000, and the insurance to $31,000. Two hundred and fifty hands are thrown out of employment. It was the work of an incendiary.

On the 30th of July a disastrous conflagration occurred at Jersey City. Four blocks of buildings and their contents were laid in ruins. The loss of property is estimated at three hundred thousand dollars. By this fire about one thousand mechanics were thrown out of employment.

John C. Tobey, better known as ’John of York,’ died on the 1st of August, in Hartford, of consumption. He was on his way to Elk county, for the benefit of his health.

There was a severe storm at Charlestown, on July 27th, causing considerable damage. A bark was struck by lightning, which shivered the mainmast.

The latest intelligence from Texas mentions a desperate chase and encounter between a party of twelve soldiers and twenty-five Indians. Captain Van Buren, the leader of the troops, was shot through the body, but it was thought that he would recover.

Later advices (sic) from New Mexico state that a very destructive fire had occurred at Santa Fe. A number of establishments belonging to prominent merchants were among the buildings burned.

Messrs. Louis Hulseman and William W. Snelling, who were among the number of American citizens lately expelled so unceremoniously from Sonora by the Mexican Authorities, were on their way to Washington, to urge in the proper quarter their claims to indemnify for the losses they have sustained.

The following appointments to office on the Pacific coast have been confirmed:

WASHINGTON TERRITORY --- James Tilton, of Indiana, to be Surveyor General; H. C. Mosely, Land Registrar; Elias Yalee, Receiver of Public Moneys.

OREGON --- Ralph Wilcox, Land Registrar; Jas. Guthrie, Receiver. A fight took place on the 27th of July, between Bill Poole and John Morrisey, for $100 a side. The fight lasted but a few seconds, and Morrisey was badly beaten and gave in.


California Gold Rush.The World Rushed In by J. S. Holliday.
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J. S. Holliday

Sea-Faring Books and Movies

Passages to AmericaPassages to America.

Sea Classics: MoviesSea Classics. Movies.

Sea Classics: BooksShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.

Merchant MarinesMerchant Marines.

Sea CaptainsSea Captains.

Sea ChantysSea Chantys.

Adams, D. C.
Austin, Thos. P.
Avery, E. S., wife and two children
Avery, J. B.
Battis, J.
Battis, M. T.
Beattie, Miss M.
Bell, J.
Bender, D.
Bender, Mrs., and 2 infants
Bowen, Miss M.
Bradbury, E.
Bregaman, H.
Briggs, J. R.
Chalcraft, John
Chappell, Mrs. J.
Cline, B., and wife
Cohn, Ed
Cole, L. A.
Cox, E.
Coyle, Miss M.
Crowly, Miss M.
Davidson, Thos., wife and 3 children
Donnan, Mrs. M. P., and child
Dunn, Miss A.
Edgecombs, N.
Fink, D., wife and servant
Fink, R. B.
Fitch, J. R.
Friedman, Mrs.
Gilbert, N. C.
Giuness (Ginness ), Thos.
Gordon, W.
Hambly, W. G.
Hamilton, G. S., wife and two children
Hanson, T. H.
Harris, W. O., and wife
Hazeltine, A.
Holmes, Mrs. M. E., child and infant
Humphrey, Miss M.
Inwords, George
Irish, J.
Kalicher, W.
Kellogg, L.
Lasca, Miss J.
Lee, Thos.
Lucke, J.
Mason, Mrs., child and infant
McBean, P.
McBean, T.
McCabe, A. J., and servant
McClellun, W., and wife
Meeker, M. D., and two children
Mercer, C. H.
Merchant, Mrs. M. A.
Moore, R. B., and nephew
Morris, S., and wife
Peterson, Mrs. Charles
Phillips, Mrs. C.
Rich, F.
Riker, J. W.
Riley, John
Sargent, A. J., and wife
Sell, W., wife, child and infant
Sharp, S. W.
Sherman, W. B.
Simpson, Jane, and sister
Smith, Dr. Peter
Swain, W.
Vredenberg, W. J., and wife
West, Mrs. F., and 4 children
Wilkins, C. G., wife and daughter
Zimmerman, M.
And two hundred and fifty in steerage.

San Francisco Ship Passenger Lists : Volume I, 1850-1864, Louis J. Rasmussen.Louis J. Rasmussen Ship Passenger Lists.

California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.Trees in Paradise: A California History California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.
Jared Farmer
California now has more trees than at any time since the late Pleistocene. This green landscape, however, is not the work of nature. It's the work of history. In the years after the Gold Rush, American settlers remade the California landscape, harnessing nature to their vision of the good life. Horticulturists, boosters, and civic reformers planted millions of trees to create groves, wooded suburbs, and landscaped cities in bare countrysides. They imported the blue-green eucalypts whose tangy fragrance was thought to cure malaria. (It does aid in keeping vermin out of your home should you includes stalks in your bouquets.) They built a lucrative "Orange Empire" on the sweet juice and thick skin of the Washington navel, an industrial fruit. They lined streets with graceful palms to announce that they were not in the Midwest anymore.

California History.California: A HistoryCalifornia History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.
Andrew Rolle, Arthur Verge
This eighth edition covers the history of the Golden State, from before first contact with Europeans through the present; an accessible and compelling narrative that comprises the stories of the many diverse peoples who have called, and currently call, California home. Explores the latest developments relating to California’s immigration, energy, environment, and transportation concerns. Features concise chapters and a narrative approach along with numerous maps, photographs, and new graphic features to facilitate student comprehension. Offers illuminating insights into the significant events and people that shaped the complex history of a state that has become synonymous with the American dream. Includes discussion of recent – and uniquely Californian – social trends connecting Hollywood, social media, and Silicon Valley.

California History.California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.Conquests and Historical Identities in California, 1769-1936California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.
Lisbeth Haas
Spanning the period between Spanish colonization and the early twentieth century, this well-argued and convincing study examines the histories of Spanish and American conquests, and of ethnicity, race, and community in southern California. Lisbeth Haas draws on a diverse body of source materials (mission and court archives, oral histories, Spanish language plays, census and tax records) to build a new picture of rural society and social change.

California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.Contested Eden:  California Before the Gold Rush 
(California History Sesquicentennial Series)
California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.
Ramon A Gutierrez, Richard J. Orsi
The essays investigate traditional historical subjects and also explore such areas as environmental science, women's history, and Indian history. Authored by distinguished scholars in their respective fields, each essay contains excellent summary bibliographies of leading works on pertinent topics. This volume also features an extraordinary full-color photographic essay on the artistic record of the conquest of California by Europeans, as well as over seventy black-and-white photographs, some never before published.

California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners. California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.A Golden State: Mining and Economic Development in Gold Rush California 
James J. Rawls
The Gold Rush was a multiplier, an event that accelerated a chain of interrelated consequences that in turn accelerated economic growth. But it also touched a deep-seated nerve in the human psyche and unleashed economic forces, for good or ill, that transformed California forever into a Golden State.

Artists of the West

Artists of the West.

Artists of the West.

Western ArtWestern Art and Artists.

The Sea Chart: The Illustrated History of Nautical Maps and Navigational ChartsThe Sea Chart.
The Sea Chart.John Blake
The sea chart was one of the key tools by which ships of trade, transport and conquest navigated their course across the oceans. John Blake looks at the history and development of the chart and the related nautical map, in scientific and aesthetic terms, as a means of safe and accurate seaborne navigation. Contains 150 color illustrations including the earliest charts of the Mediterranean made by 13th Century Italian merchant adventurers, as well as 18th Century charts that became strategic naval and commercial requirements and led to Cook's voyages in the Pacific, the search for the Northwest Passage, and races to the Arctic and Antarctic.

Shanghaiing Days: The Thrilling Account of 19th Century Hell-Ships, Bucko Mates and Masters, and Dangerous Ports-Of-Call from San Francisco Shanghaiing Days, Dillon.Shanghaiing Days in San Francisco.
Richard H. Dillon
In the last quarter of the 19th Century, American Merchant Marine went into a decline, and sailors were forced to serve under conditions that were little better than serfdom. Seamen were exploited in wholesale fashion, disfranchised of almost all their civil and human rights, and brutally punished forminor offenses. Successful skippers turned into slave drivers, cracking down on the sailors, sometimes even murdering their "hands." Though captains were legally prohibited from flogging their crews, they did not hesitate to wield belaying pins, marlin spikes, or bare fists. The seamen's lot was so horrible that entire crews jumped ship when in port. New crews were kidnaped, crimped, or shanghaied from the unsuspecting populace of the ports. These "impressed" or "hobo" crews were still further conspired against. They often had their wages stolen from them; they were poorly fed and clothed. Their lives became "hell afloat and purgatory ashore." Our "first and finest employ" in colonial days was turned into a disreputable profession-one that was classed with criminals and prostitutes.

Atlantic: Great Sea Battles, Heroic Discoveries, Titanic Storms, and a Vast Ocean of a Million Storiessea captains and ships.
Simon Winchester
"Variably genial, cautionary, lyrical, admonitory, terrifying, horrifying and inspiring. A lifetime of thought, travel, reading, imagination and memory inform this affecting account." Kirkus Reviews
Blending history and anecdote, geography and reminiscence, science and exposition, the New York Times bestselling author tells the breathtaking saga of the Atlantic Ocean, setting it against the backdrop of mankind's intellectual evolution. Until a thousand years ago, no humans ventured into the Atlantic or imagined traversing its vast infinity. But once the first daring mariners successfully navigated to far shores whether it was the Vikings, the Irish, the Chinese, Christopher Columbus in the north, or the Portuguese and the Spanish in the south the Atlantic evolved in the world's growing consciousness as an enclosed body of water bounded by the Americas to the West, and by Europe and Africa to the East. Atlantic is a biography of this immense space, of a sea which has defined and determined so much about the lives of the millions who live beside or near its tens of thousands of miles of coast.

The Rebel Raiders
The Astonishing History of the Confederacy's Secret NavyThe Confederacy's Secret Navy.
James T. deKay
The Rebel Raiders.During its construction in Liverpool, the ship was known as Number 290. When it was finally unleashed as the CSS Alabama, the Confederate gunship triggered the last great military campaign of the Civil War, yet another infamous example of British political treachery, and the largest retribution settlement ever negotiated by an international tribunal: $15,500,000 in gold paid by Britain to the United States. This riveting true story of the Anglo-Confederate alliance that led to the creation of a Southern navy illuminates the dramatic and crucial global impact of the American Civil War. Like most things in the War between the States, it started over cotton: Lincoln's naval blockade prevented the South from exporting their prize commodity to England. In response, the Confederacy came up with a plan to divert the North's vessels and open the waterways; a plan that would mean covertly building a navy in Britain with a cast of clandestine characters.

History of Seafaring.The History of Seafaring: Navigating the World's Oceans
History of Seafaring.Donald Johnson and Juha Nurminen
Royal prestige, intellectual curiosity, and territorial expansion all propelled mankind to undertake perilous voyages across unpredictable oceans. This large and lavishly illustrated volume brings that history to life. From the early Phoenician navigation techniques to the technologies behind today's mega-ships, the greatest advances in shipbuilding are covered, accompanied by hundreds of images, with an in-depth look at navigational instruments (including those used by the Vikings).

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Maritime Nations, Ships, Sea Captains, Merchants, Merchandise, Ship Passengers, and VIPs sailing into San Francisco during the 1800s.



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Sources: As noted on entries and through research centers including National Archives, San Bruno, California; San Francisco Main Library History Collection; Maritime Library, San Francisco, California, various Maritime Museums around the world.

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