Passenger Lists: San Francisco 1800s
SS Brother Jonathan
Arrive San Francisco
June 18, 1854
Captain C. P. Seabury
From San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua
June 18, 1854, Daily Alta California, San Francisco
Arrival of the Brother Jonathan
The Nicaragua Company's steamer Brother Jonathan arrived yesterday, fourteen days from San Juan, bringing 534 passengers, of whom 139 were ladies. She brings no later dates than have been previously received by the Golden Gate.
Steamer Brother Jonathan left San Francisco at 3 P.M., May 16th; arrived at San Juan del Sur May 29th at 9 o'clock A.M., left San Juan June 3d at 10 o'clock P.M.; June 8th at 12 o'clock P.M., passed steamship Yankee Blade 70 miles north of Acapulco; on the 10th, spoke whaling schooner Emeline, three months out from San Francisco, with 50 bbls sperm oil. June 15th, went into San Diego for coal; detained there 12 hours. Col Grey with his surveying party had arrived, having been successful in finding a most excellent route, having ran an almost parallel line from San Antonio, Texas to the head of the Gulf of California.
The Brother Jonathan brings 534 passengers, 139 of whom are ladies, also 161 packages of Express goods. Has had no sickness on board; the Isthmus was perfectly healthy, and the river had risen sufficiently to afford easy navigation for the river boats. May 20th, married at sea, on board steamer Brother Jonathan, by C. P. Seabury, Esq., Commander, Andrew J. Baily to Miss Augusta Smith, both of Virgin Bay, Nicaragua.
Central America -- The City of San Salvador (State of San Salvador) of 35 or 40,000 inhabitants, was almost entirely destroyed by an earthquake on the 26th of April. All the churches, public buildings, and principal dwelling houses were completely demolished. One hundred dead bodies had been taken from the ruins, and it is supposed that about 200 more were still buried beneath them. The inhabitants were timely warned by previous slight shocks, so as to enable most of them to escape from the city.
The civil war is still progressing in Nicaragua, the invading forces had taken all the principal cities and towns with the exception of Grenada and Rivas, the former of which was occupied by both parties.
When the Brother Jonathan left San Juan there were reports of several killed and a great many wounded; among the killed was Col. Pineda of the invading forces. It was generally supposed that the last mentioned party would eventually be victorious.
To C. K. Garrison
Passengers by the SS Brother Jonathan
Daily Alta California, June 18, 1854
The Sea Chart:
The Illustrated History of Nautical Maps and Navigational Charts
The sea chart was one of the key tools by which ships of trade, transport and conquest navigated their course across the oceans. John Blake looks at the history and development of the chart and the related nautical map, in scientific and aesthetic terms, as a means of safe and accurate seaborne navigation. Contains 150 color illustrations including the earliest charts of the Mediterranean made by 13th Century Italian merchant adventurers, as well as 18th Century charts that became strategic naval and commercial requirements and led to Cook's voyages in the Pacific, the search for the Northwest Passage, and races to the Arctic and Antarctic.
Shanghaiing Days: The Thrilling Account of 19th Century Hell-Ships, Bucko Mates and Masters, and Dangerous Ports-Of-Call from San Francisco
Richard H. Dillon
In the last quarter of the 19th Century, American Merchant Marine went into a decline, and sailors were forced to serve under conditions that were little better than serfdom. Seamen were exploited in wholesale fashion, disfranchised of almost all their civil and human rights, and brutally punished forminor offenses. Successful skippers turned into slave drivers, cracking down on the sailors, sometimes even murdering their "hands." Though captains were legally prohibited from flogging their crews, they did not hesitate to wield belaying pins, marlin spikes, or bare fists. The seamen's lot was so horrible that entire crews jumped ship when in port. New crews were kidnaped, crimped, or shanghaied from the unsuspecting populace of the ports. These "impressed" or "hobo" crews were still further conspired against. They often had their wages stolen from them; they were poorly fed and clothed. Their lives became "hell afloat and purgatory ashore." Our "first and finest employ" in colonial days was turned into a disreputable profession-one that was classed with criminals and prostitutes.
Atlantic: Great Sea Battles, Heroic Discoveries, Titanic Storms, and a Vast Ocean of a Million Stories
"Variably genial, cautionary, lyrical, admonitory, terrifying, horrifying and inspiring. A lifetime of thought, travel, reading, imagination and memory inform this affecting account." Kirkus Reviews
Blending history and anecdote, geography and reminiscence, science and exposition, the New York Times bestselling author tells the breathtaking saga of the Atlantic Ocean, setting it against the backdrop of mankind's intellectual evolution. Until a thousand years ago, no humans ventured into the Atlantic or imagined traversing its vast infinity. But once the first daring mariners successfully navigated to far shores whether it was the Vikings, the Irish, the Chinese, Christopher Columbus in the north, or the Portuguese and the Spanish in the south the Atlantic evolved in the world's growing consciousness as an enclosed body of water bounded by the Americas to the West, and by Europe and Africa to the East. Atlantic is a biography of this immense space, of a sea which has defined and determined so much about the lives of the millions who live beside or near its tens of thousands of miles of coast.
The Rebel Raiders
The Astonishing History of the Confederacy's Secret Navy
James T. deKay
During its construction in Liverpool, the ship was known as Number 290. When it was finally unleashed as the CSS Alabama, the Confederate gunship triggered the last great military campaign of the Civil War, yet another infamous example of British political treachery, and the largest retribution settlement ever negotiated by an international tribunal: $15,500,000 in gold paid by Britain to the United States. This riveting true story of the Anglo-Confederate alliance that led to the creation of a Southern navy illuminates the dramatic and crucial global impact of the American Civil War. Like most things in the War between the States, it started over cotton: Lincoln's naval blockade prevented the South from exporting their prize commodity to England. In response, the Confederacy came up with a plan to divert the North's vessels and open the waterways; a plan that would mean covertly building a navy in Britain with a cast of clandestine characters.
The History of Seafaring: Navigating the World's Oceans
Donald Johnson and Juha Nurminen
Royal prestige, intellectual curiosity, and territorial expansion all propelled mankind to undertake perilous voyages across unpredictable oceans. This large and lavishly illustrated volume brings that history to life. From the early Phoenician navigation techniques to the technologies behind today's mega-ships, the greatest advances in shipbuilding are covered, accompanied by hundreds of images, with an in-depth look at navigational instruments (including those used by the Vikings).