Passenger Lists: San Francisco 1800sBrooklyn
Arrive San Francisco
July 31, 1846
Captain Abel W. Richardson
(Note: Another source lists him as Capt. Edward Richardson)
From New York
The Brooklyn, a 445-ton ship, 125 feet long was one of the first passenger ships to make the New York to San Francisco journey, and was organized by the young Sam Brannan, an Elder in the Church of the Latter-day Saints.
California Pioneer Newspaper Publisher.
Samuel Brannan, who was a printer from New York, was chosen as leader of the group, and he was authorized to charter the sailing vessel. At the request of church elders, he gathered 238 passengers for a journey to the West Coast of the Americas. This group of mostly Mormons (12 were non-members) consisted of 70 men, 68 women and 100 children.
The Saints combined resources and secured the 370-ton vessel Brooklynunder the command of Captain Richardson. The charge for the ship was $1,200 per month if they would furnish all their own provisions and if the men would handle the cargo. The captain of the ship ordered the space between decks converted into living quarters. A long table, backless benches, and sleeping cubicles with bunks were built, and all were securely bolted to the deck.
They sailed on February 4, 1846, which also happened to be the same day that the Saints began leaving Nauvoo. On board the Brooklyn there were approximately 70 men, 68 women, and 100 children living in cramped quarters with low ceilings where only the children could stand upright. Most everyone suffered from seasickness. Storms in the Atlantic blew them almost to the Cape Verde Islands off the coast of Africa. Storms battered them around the Horn. Scurvy was prevalent, and the water supply dwindled, as they made their way north toward Valparaiso, Chile. Gale winds actually blew them back into Antarctic waters and on May 4, into the Juan Fernndez Islands, made famous by Defoe in Robinson Crusoe. They stopped for fresh water, and to bury a young mother of seven in what may have been the first Latter Day Saint service held in the Southern Hemisphere. She had been thrown down a hatchway in a storm and died of her injuries.
After five days' rest on the Juan Fernandez Islands, the group of pioneers sailed for Hawaii for fresh vegetables, fruits, water and arms, then to Yerba Buena.
San Francisco California
They landed in the sleepy town on July 31, 1846. The Latter-day Saints were greeted by several American settlers and members of Spanish families and a group of Indians. Their number doubled the size of the town. They began their stay in tents pitched near what is now Washington and Montgomery Streets.
Sixteen families found shelter in a small adobe house on Dupont Street (now Grant Avenue in the heart of Chinatown) and others in Mission Dolores, which was deserted at that time.
The voyage of the Brooklyn was, perhaps, the longest continuous sea journey of any religious organization in history. It took six months and covered 24,000 miles. The Israelites crossed the Red Sea on their way to Canaan. The Pilgrims of 1620 crossed the Atlantic, a voyage of about 3,000 miles and and were on the water 63 days. The Saints on the Brooklyn crossed the equator on both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, went from the icy Antarctic to the tropical Hawaiian Islands and then to California. There were 120 Puritan Pilgrims, whereas the Brooklyn Saints numbered approximately 240. The two groups were alike in many respects in that they were predominately young people with small children and traveled with an unshakeable faith and belief in God.
Addison, Isaac (36)
Addison, Eliza (33, wife of Isaac Addison)
Addison, (daughter of Eliza and Isaac)
Aldrich, Silas (43, died at sea)
Aldrich, Prudence Clark (43, wife)
Aldrich, Nancy Laura (17)
Atherton, William (32)
Atherton, Emily (27, wife of William)
Austin, Julius Augustus Caesar (36)
Austin, Octavia Ann Lane (32, wife of Julius)
Austin, Louise Maria (7, daughter of Julius and Octavia)
Austin, Edwin Nelson (5, son of Julius and Octavia)
Austin, Newton Francis (2, son of Julius and Octavia)
Brannan, Samuel (27)
Brannan, Anna Elizabeth Corwin (24, wife of Samuel)
Brannan, Samuel L. (2 mo., son of Samuel and Anna)
Bird, Elizabeth Wallace See STARK
Buckland, Hannah Daggett (43, mother of Alondus)
Buckland, Alondus de Lafayette (20)
Bullen, Newell (37)
Bullen, Clarissa Judkins Atkinson (35, wife of Newell)
Bullen, Francis Andrew (8, son of Newell and Clarissa)
Bullen, Herschel (6, son of Newell and Clarissa)
Bullen, Cincinnatus (3, son of Newell and Clarissa)
Burr, Nathan (58)
Burr, Chloe Clark (50, wife of Nathan)
Burr, Amasa (34, perhaps daughter of Nathan and Chloe)
Burr, Charles Clark (29)
Burr, Sarah Sloat (24, wife of Charles C.)
Burr, Charles Elias Washington (died at sea)
Burr, John Atlantic (Born at sea on February 24, not sure to which Burr)
Cade, Jonathan (64. Howe notes that surname might be Kincaid)
Cade, Susannah (58, wife of Jonathan)
Clark, Sophia Patterson (22)
Coombs, Abraham (41)
Coombs, Olive Olivia Curtis (26, wife of Abraham)
Coombs, Katherine (12, daughter of Abraham and Olive)
Coombs, Charles Marion (5, son of Abraham and Olive)
Coombs, Helen Mars (3, daughter of Abraham and Olive)
Corwin, Mrs. Fanny M. (42) (Samuel Brannon's mother-in-law)
Eagar, John (23: noted as husband of
42-year-old Lucy and father of three children)
Eagar, Lucy Buell (42: noted as wife of John)
Eagar, Mary (18: daughter of John and Lucy)
Eagar, Thomas (16: son of John and Lucy)
Eagar, Arabella (13: daughter of John and Lucy)
Eagar, William (10: son of John and Lucy)
Ensign, Elias (died at sea)
Ensign, Jerusha (56, wife)
Ensign, Eliza (Died at sea in February.)
Ensign, John Warren
Evans, William (34)
Evans, Hannah Rogers Hines Benner (34, wife of William)
Evans, Amanda Miller (12, daughter of William and Hannah)
Evans, Jonathan Benner (8, son of William and Hannah)
Evans, Parley Pratt (6, child of William and Hannah)
Evans, William Hines (4, son of William and Hannah)
Fisher, Joseph R. (24)
Fisher, Mary Ann (23, sister of Joseph)
Fowler, Jerusha Ensign (27)
Fowler, Thomas (8, son of Jerusha)
Fowler, George (6, son of Jerusha)
Fowler, John S. (4, son f Jerusha)
Fowler, (child, died at sea)
Glover, William (33)
Glover, Jane Cowan (29, wife of William)
Glover, Jane (8, daughter of William and Jane)
Glover, Catherine (4, daughter of William and Jane)
Glover, Joseph Smith (1, daughter of William and Jane)
Goodwin, Isaac Richards (35. Noted by Hubert H. Howe
as having 6 children, but 7 are on lists.)
Goodwin, Laura Hotchkiss (33, wife. Fell downstairs during a storm
one week out. Miscarried. She later died and was buried on
Goat Island near Juan Fernandez on May 6.)
Goodwin, Emerette (13, child of Isaac and Laura)
Goodwin, Isaac Hotchkiss (11, son of Isaac and Laura)
Goodwin, Lewis Hotchkiss (9, son of Isaac and Laura)
Goodwin, Edwin Abijah (6, son of Isaac and Laura)
Goodwin, Nancy Ellen (4, daughter of Isaac and Laura)
Goodwin, Lucinda Ladelia (3, daughter of Isaac and Laura)
Goodwin, Albert Story (1, son of Isaac and Laura)
Griffith, Jonathan (32)
Griffith, Sarah (32, wife of Jonathan)
Griffith, Jackson (son of Jonathan and Sarah)
Griffith, Marshall (son of Jonathan and Sarah)
Hamilton, Mary (56, Mary Sparks mother)
Haskell, Ashbel Green (48)
Hayes, Jacob (52)
Hicks, Joseph (36)
Horner, John Meirs (25)
Horner, Elizabeth Imlay (20, wife of John)
Hyatt, Elisha (30)
Hyatt, Matilda (35, wife of Elisha)
Hyatt, Caleb (16, son of Elisha and Matilda)
Irea, Cyrus (22)
Jamison, Hannah Tucker Reed
Jamison, John Reed Clark
Jones, Mrs. Isabella (38)
Joyce, John (24)
Joyce, Caroline Augusta Perkins (21, wife of John)
Joyce, Augusta Brannan (1, child of John and Caroline)
Kemble, Edward Cleveland (19)
Kittleman, John (50)
Kittleman, Sarah (38, wife)
Kittleman, Thomas (27)
Kittleman, William (39)
Kittleman, Eliza Hindman (34, wife of William)
Kittleman, Elizabeth Jane (14, daughter of William and Eliza)
Kittleman, Mary Ann (daughter of William and Eliza)
Kittleman, James (daughter of William and Eliza)
Kittleman, George (daughter of William and Eliza)
Kittleman, Sarah (4 mo. twin - daughter of William and Eliza)
Kittleman, Hannah (4 mo. twin - (daughter of William and Eliza)
Knowles, Richard (58)
Knowles, Sarah Rostern (54, wife of Richard)
Ladd (alias JOHNSON), Samuel (27, Major)
Lane, Emmeline Amanda (21, Octavia Austin's sister)
Leigh, Isaac (27)
Leigh, Achsah (24, wife of Isaac)
Light, James (36)
Light, Mary Jane (26, wife of James)
Light, Mary Elizabeth (daughter of James and Mary)
Lovett, Angeline M. (19)
Marshall, Earl (47)
Marshall, Leticia Dorsey (47, wife)
McCue, Patrick (55)
McCue, Esther (45, wife)
McCue, James B. (15)
McCue, Solomon B. (6)
McCue, Amos W. (3)
McCue, William K. (1)
Meader, Moses A. (42) (Might be Meder)
Meader, Sarah Blood (40, wife of Moses)
Meader, Angeline (13, daughter of Moses and Sarah)
Moses, Ambrose Todd (51)
Moses, Lydia Ensign (46, wife of Ambrose)
Moses, Norman S. (15, son of Ambrose and Lydia)
Moses, Phoebe Maria (14, daughter of Ambrose and Lydia)
Moses, Anne Frances (12, daughter of Ambrose and Lydia)
Moses, Clarissa Cordelia (7, daughter of Ambrose and Lydia)
Mowry, Barton (47)
Mowry, Ruth Walkup (47, wife of Barton)
Mowry, Origin (21, son of Barton and Ruth)
Mowry, Rhanaldo (18, son of Barton and Ruth)
Murray, Miss Mary (36)
Naramore, Edwin (Spelling might be Narrimore.)
Naramore, Mercy M. (45 , Disembarked in Hawaii with son.
Spelling could be Narrimore.)
Nichols, Joseph (31)
Nichols, Jerusha Bull (27, wife of Joseph)
Nichols, Enos (2, son of Joseph and Jerusha)
Nichols, Joseph (2 months, son of Joseph and Jerusha. Died at sea.)
Nutting, Lucy Jane (20)
Pell, Elijah Ward (40)
Pell, Mattie (45, wife of Elijah)
Pell, Geraldine (daughter of Elijah and Mattie)
Pell, Hettie (daughter of Elijah and Mattie)
Petch, Robert (50)
Petch, Mary (42, wife of Robert)
Petch, Salina (11, daughter of Robert and Mary)
Petch, Richard (6, son of Robert and Mary)
Phillips, John (33)
Pool, Mary Cramer (57)
Pool, Elizabeth Margaret Frances (24)
Pool, Peter John (23)
Reed, Christiana Gregory (45. Spelling might be Read.)
Reed, John Haines (17. Might be Read.)
Reed, Rachel (15. Might be Read. One source notes her as
Christiana Rachel Reed.)
Robbins, Charles (31)
Robbins, Isaac Rogers (41)
Robbins, Mary Ann Shinn Burtis (35, wife of Isaac.)
Robbins, Joseph Reeves (12)
Robbins, Wesley Burtis (5)
Robbins, Margaret Burtis (2)
Robbins, John Rogers (36, Dr.)
Robbins, Phoebe Ann Wright (34, wife of John Rogers)
Robbins, Charles Burtis (11, son of John and Phoebe.)
Robbins, George Edward (6, son of John and Phoebe.
Died at sea in February.)
Robbins, John Franklin (1. Died at sea.)
Robbins, Georgiana Pacific (Born June 14 in tropical waters
just before reaching Honolulu)
Rollins, Henry (55. This might be Roulan or Rowland.)
Rollins, Isaac (17)
Savage, Susan Eliza (20)
Scott, James (34)
Serrine, George Warren (27. Spelling might be Sirrine.)
Serrine, John (34)
Serrine, Nancy Smith (26, wife of John.)
Serrine, George J. (1, son of John and Nancy.)
Skinner, Horace Austin (28)
Skinner, Laura Ann Farnsworth (26, wife of Horace.)
Skinner, James Horace (4, son of Horace and Laura)
Smith, Orrin (40, family left in the Sandwich Islands
due to illness with 6 children)
Smith, Amy Ann Dodd Hopkins (35, wife of Orrin)
Smith, Henry (H.M., 14, son of Orrin and Amy.)
Hopkins, Ellen Mariah (10, daughter of Orrin and Amy.)
Smith, Amelia A. (9, daughter of Orrin and Amy.)
Hopkins, Emily Marilla (7, daughter of Orrin and Amy.)
Smith, Francis (3, son of Orrin and Amy.)
Smith, Orrin Hopkins (6 months. son of Orrin and Amy. Died at sea.)
Smith, Robert (33)
Smith, Catherine Clarke (28, wife of Robert)
Smith, Daniel Clark (2, son of Robert and Catherine.)
Smith, Hyrum Joseph (1, son of Robert and Catherine.)
Snow, Zelnora Sophronia (22)
Sparks, Quartus Strong (25)
Sparks, Mary Holland Hamilton (24, wife of Quartus.)
Sparks, Quartus Strong, Jr. (8 months, son fo Quartus and Mary.)
Stark, Daniel (25)
Stark, Anne Cook (24, wife of Daniel.)
Stark, John Daniel (4 months, son of Daniel and Anne.)
Bird, Elizabeth Wallace (1 month., foster daughter of Stark)
Still, George (65)
Still, Mary (41, wife of George)
Stivers, Simeon (20, nephew of Earl Marhall)
Stout, William (30)
Stout, Mary Ann (18 , wife of William)
Stout, Malone (child of William and Mary Ann)
Springfellow, Jesse A. (22)
Tompkins, Thomas King (29)
Tompkins, Jane Rollins (26, wife of Thomas King)
Tompkins, Amanda (4, daughter of Thomas and Jane.)
Tompkins, Jane Elizabeth (3, daughter of Thomas and Jane.)
Von Pfister, Edward
Warner, Caroline E. (34)
Warner, Myron (child of Caroline)
Warner, Sarah (6, daughter of Caroline.)
Warner, Henry J. (2, son of Caroline.)
Winner, George King H. (39)
Winner, Mary Ann (37, wife of George.)
Winner, Elizabeth (17, daughter of George and Mary.)
Winner, Mary Ann (17, daughter of George and Mary.)
Winner, Louisa (15, daughter of George and Mary.)
Winner, Emmagene Dembra (7, daughter of George and Mary.)
Winner, Moroni (3, child of George and Mary.)
Winner, Israel J. (1, son of George and Mary.)
Winner, Sarah (4 months, daughter of George and Mary. Died at sea)
August 22, 1846, Californian
Caroline Augusta Perkins Joyce Jackson, born in 1825 to John and Caroline Harriman Perkins. Caroline Sr. s father was John Harriman, an early pastor of Hampton s Baptist Church, said to have been one-half Penobscot Indian and the founder of the New Light Christian Baptists. Young Caroline, however, became enamored with the Church of Latter Day Saints the Mormons and against her parents wishes was baptized into that faith.
In Boston she was known as the Mormon nightingale for her singing talent. She married John Joyce of New Brunswick and in 1844 gave birth to a daughter, Augusta. In 1846 she and John paid $150 to sail from New York with other Mormons on the ship Brooklyn, headed for upper California.
The group planned to rendezvous there with the main body of Mormons traveling overland from Nauvoo, Illinois (the meet-up didn' t go off as planned, but that' s another story).
The voyage of the Brooklyn is historically significant in that it is (as far as is known) the first colonist ship to carry women and children around the Horn to California. Of the 234 passengers, about 60 were women and almost half were children. The six month voyage, which included a stop in Hawaii, was a nasty one with all those kids, how could it be anything else storms, deaths, foul water, insect-infested food, days of sweltering heat with no wind to fill the sails.
The ship arrived at Yerba Buena (San Francisco) at the end of July 1846. The next year Caroline gave birth to Helen, her second and last child. The pioneering life in California was a hard one but the discovery of gold improved the Joyces fortunes tremendously. Although he had grown wealthy, John Joyce s apostasy ruined the marriage and he and Caroline divorced. At some point Caroline was visited by her father and brother John from Hampton. By 1860 she was living in San Bernardino where she married 52-year-old Colonel Alden Apollos Jackson, a lawyer and veteran of the Mexican War.
By 1867 the Jacksons had settled in Utah Territory. According to their shared headstone, Alden died that year and Caroline died in 1876, but Caroline s daughter Augusta wrote that they had died within five weeks of each other in 1876. They are buried in St. George, Utah; their gravesite has been fitted with a modern headstone that features a round Ship Brooklyn Pioneer plague under Carolyine's name. Shortly before she died Caroline penned a memoir, which her daughter Augusta, a poet, writer, and plural wife, published in a book titled Representative Women of Deseret: A Book of Biographical Sketches to Accompany the Picture Bearing the Same Title (Classic Reprint).
Ship Brooklyn, built in New Castle, ME in 1834
Caroline's letter, transcribed from the May 21, 1849 issue of the Exeter Newsletter
San Francisco, Dec. 3, 1848
Dear Parents We are comfortably situated in our far western home, although we should like to have you all with us, and I think the boys had better embrace the first opportunity to come out here, as there is every chance for them to make a fortune, and they are as safe to be trusted on a voyage as I was certainly.
My husband has been in the gold mines and in four months has dug out two thousand dollars worth of gold which is but a small sum in comparison to the luck of some who have worked there. Any boy twelve years old can get from one to three ounces of gold pure gold, in a day. And who would not leave home for a while and risk the ocean waves, rather than work for years
The town of San Francisco is improving fast and looks quite like home. Lots of land which could be bought for fifteen dollars when we came here, two years ago, sell now from one to six thousand dollars. We shall try and buy a farm in the Country this coming year: so if you will come out you will have a home ready.
This is to be a great farming country as produce is very high at present. Every man is busy digging gold and of course farming is neglected, so long as a man can make from fifty to a hundred dollars a day.
I would advise you to come by land in case you conclude to come, but by all means send all your furniture by water, well packed and marked; and do not leave home as I did, with nothing to keep house with.
I think, however, you had better remain in the States and let the oldest boys come to California. The journey either way is tedious and I shall either come home or send you money to make you comfortable without working any more, as you have been obliged to do all your life. I can assure you it is very hard for me to see plenty of gold around and know that you are toiling every day for a scanty subsistence. I know my oldest brothers at home could earn in one year sufficient to enable you to live independent all your life; and I want the youngest boys to go to school, as there are no schools in this place, and no prospect of any so long as a man can get from fifty to an hundred dollars a day in the mines.
I may take a start and come home in the spring, for I do not mind a journey now as I once did. My husband will stay here, as he intends going into the mines as soon as the rain is over.
Your affectionate daughter, Caroline
P.S. You will perceive that I have sent you a small specimen of the gold as dug from the mine.
Reprinted with Permission.
In making some extracts from the "Friend," a paper published at Honolulu, we feel it our duty to state some facts, which have occurred within the circle of our acquaintance. We lived in Illinois, not far from the mormons at the time of the last mormon war, there was a great many hard things said against them, probably much of it true, though many things may have been highly colored. At all events, they have landed here; this is to be their home; those of us who have preceded them, have not the right to prevent their settlement, but we must join heartily with the "Friend" in wishing that whatever errors of Government or of conduct may have led to their former troubles, will be corrected here; that they may see the vital importance of pursuing such a course as to insure their harmony with others. May God rule their councils in wisdom.
"Their present Condition and Prospective plans, as has been already stated, they estimate their numbers by hundreds of thousands, very many of whom have come off from other denominations. This is true of the company on board the "Brooklyn."
Some have come from the Baptists, others from the Methodists, a few from the Presbyterians while almost every denomination has its representative among them. So far as we are able to learn, California is now to be their grand central rendezvous, while the beautiful region around San Francisco Bay is the chosen spot where the latter-day saints propose to settle. Abating much from the highly colored descriptions which we have always heard respecting that region, it must still be regarded as a most enchanting spot, and the most desirable location for a colony to be found upon the long line of the North and South American sea coast. The natural facilities of the country and bay conspire to render it certain, that many years cannot elapse before flourishing cities and villages will diversify the scene.
The watchword of the Mormons now is "California.'' The few score of emigrants on board the Brooklyn are but a fraction of the immense numbers already on their way thither. The difficulties in which these people found themselves at Nauvoo, and other parts of the states, have led to the resolution to "break up" and "be off" for California. From various reports, we conclude that about 25,000 have left Nauvoo aud other parts of the states for California; while the report has reached us, that a vessel with Mormon emigrants has already left Liverpool, and that others will soon follow, all bound for California.
Whatever views different classes of Christians and politicians, may form of the dogmas and tenets of this people; one thing is certain, that this general movement in the four quarters of the globe, and rush for California, opens a new chapter in the colonizing and peopleing of a sparsely inhabited and fruitful region of our globe. The influence in which their arrival and settlement must have upon the present condition of California, is quite uncertain; but should the tide of emigration continue to flow in, (as it undoubtedly will) California must very soon become a very different country from what it has been, civilly, socially, morally, and religiously. We cannot but hope for a brighter day and most certainly we are far from taking a dark view of the subject.
Before closing our remarks, we feel ourselves in duty bound to give publicity to the testimony of Capt. Richardson, master of the "Brooklyn" in regard to the general character of the emigrants as it has been developed during a long voyage round Cape Horn. Of their general behavior and character, he speaks in the most favorable manner. They have lived in peace together, and uniformly appeared to be quiet and orderly. They are going with the full determination of making a settlement, and have brought ploughs, carts, scythes and all kinds of husbandry implements, and tools for ship and home building. They have not lost sight of the means of promoting education and schools. Many of the emigrants coming from New England and the middle states, are inclined to transplant some of the noble institutions of their native regions. Capt. R informs us that during most of the passage they have maintained orderly and well conducted daily religious exercises, which still continue while lying in port.
During the passage of the Brooklyn there have occurred 10 deaths, (4 adults and 6 children,) and 2 births. A male child born before doubling the Cape, was called Atlantic, and a female born this side is called Pacific. This numerous company of emigrants are soon to leave for their new home; may it prove more peaceful than the one they left. So far as their minds may have been led to embrace error, may it be renounced. That we differ upon many essential points of doctrine and practice is clearly manifest, yet our best wishes and prayers go with them. May the fostering smiles of a benignant Providence rest upon them. They are to lay the foundation of society, and institutions, social, civil and religious. O, may they be such that coming generations shall rise up and call them blessed."
August 15, 1846, Californian, San Francisco, California
La Fragata Brooklyn, con un ciento y setenta Mormonitas a bordo arrivo en San Francisco el dia 3 del corriente treinta dias de Honolulu: estos emigrantes son unas gentes sencilla y industrioso y los mas son mechanicos y rancheros.
Los ciudadonos que degaron sus casas cuando la bandera Americana fue enarbolada en Monterey, estan invitados a volver al seno de sus familias. La Proclama del comandante en Gefe de la esquadra Americana, les estiende entero indulto. Podran estar muy seguros que no sufriran perjuicio ninguana en sus personas ni en sus propriedades La felicidad de sus familias y Ia tranquilidad comun requiere su regreso, quedandose estos separados, causa la desconfianza de otros, en sus disposiciones patrioticas y pacificas, tambien estan invitados para ayudar en la formacion de un Gobierno civil, que sea adaptda a la nueva condicion en que est puiesta la California, y que asegurar derechos y privilegios iguales para todos. No tan solo sera adoptado una nueva constitucion, pero una sistema de jurisprudencia, bajo sus provisiones sera establecido, y un delegado sera eligido quien representar la California en el Congreso de los Estudos Unidos, tan luego como aquel honorable cuerpo haya reconocido los reclamos territoriales, que sera indubitablemente uno de sus primero actos.
Se ha perdido en la recindad de Monterey, una baquata de Pistola de cinco tiros: como es cosa de patente no se puede conseguir aqui otra que sirva, Cualqu ra que lo encuenta, hara el favor de dejarlo en esta oficina.
June 22, 2014
EAGAR, LUCY BUELL (Born 1803; Died 1888) (42 at the time of sailing.) Her husband, Thomas Eagar, was born about 1792 and died 1840 in New York, before the family sailed for California. Here is a notice of probate from a New York newspapaer.
Mormon Convert, Mormon Defector: A Scottish Immigrant in the American West, 1848-1861
Aird tells of Peter McAuslan, a Scotsman who converted to Mormonisn in his native Scotland in the mid-1840s. Because of Scotland's uncertain future, with his family, he emigrated across the Atlantic and across America to join their brethren in the valley of the Great Salt Lake. But to McAuslan and others like him, the Promised Land of Salt Lake City turned out to be quite different from what was promised. He was instead faced with locusts and violent leaders.
The City of the Saints:
Among the Mormons and Across the Rocky Mountains to California
Richard F. Burton
World traveller and writer Sir Richard Francis Burton was perhaps the most colorful British explorer of the 19th century. Burton is better known for his translation of 1001 Arabian Nights and his discovery of the source of the Nile River. However, In 1860 he left England and his fiance to explore the American West and visit the Mormons. His writing is lively, detailed, and highly entertaining,
Essential Narratives of the Mountain Meadows Massacre
(Kingdom in the West: The Mormons and the American Frontier)
David L. Bigler
The slaughter of a wagon train of some 120 people in southern Utah on September 11, 1857, has long been the subject of controversy and debate. Innocent Blood gathers key primary sources describing the tangled story of the Mountain Meadows massacre. This wide array of contrasting perspectives, many never before published, provide a powerful and intimate picture of this dastardly outrage and its cover-up. The documents David L. Bigler and Will Bagley have collected offer a clearer understanding of the victims, the perpetrators, and the reasons a frontier American theocracy sought to justify or conceal the participants guilt. These narratives make clear that, despite limited Southern Paiute involvement, white men planned the killing and their church s highest leaders encouraged Mormon settlers to undertake the deed.
The Star Chamber - Volumes 1 & 2
William Harrison Ainsworth
The Book of Mormon
Regarded by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints as holy scripture detailing God’s revelation to Joseph Smith, The Book of Mormon is a significant and widely read religious document. Including discussions on a variety of Judeo-Christian doctrines, The Book of Mormon is a fascinating read for religious scholars and denominational adherents.
The Story of the Mormons from origin to the year 1901
William Alexander Linn
The Mormon People:
The Making of an American Faith
Mormonism started as a radical movement, with a profoundly transformative vision of American society that was rooted in a form of Christian socialism. Over the ensuing centuries, Bowman demonstrates, that vision has evolved—and with it the esteem in which Mormons have been held in the eyes of their countrymen. Admired on the one hand as hardworking paragons of family values, Mormons have also been derided as oddballs and persecuted as polygamists, heretics, and zealots clad in “magic underwear.” Even today, the place of Mormonism in public life continues to generate heated debate on both sides of the political divide.
The Polygamous Wives Writing Club: From the Diaries of Mormon Pioneer Women
Paula Kelly Harline
The author has been teaching college writing for over 20 years for the University of Idaho, Brigham Young University, and Utah Valley University. She has also worked as a freelance writer and artist. She currently lives with her husband, Craig, in Provo, Utah. Harline shows that Mormon women have wrestled with the unique demands of their faith with a range of motivations and feelings: grace and conflict, acquiescence and resistance, vocal criticism and quiet acceptance, pride and dejection, confidence and frustration. Even today, Mormons have been heard mocking the idea of one wife; it was unclear as to whether they were speaking in jest.
An Ancient American Book
John L. Sorenson
The author proposes that the Book of Mormon exhibits what one would expect of a historical document produced in the context of ancient Mesoamerican civilization. He also shows that scholars discoveries about Mesoamerica and the contents of the Nephite record are clearly related. Sorenson lists more than 400 points where the Book of Mormon text corresponds to characteristic Mesoamerican situations, statements, allusions, and history. The only format in which a record such as the Book of Mormon could have been preserved is that of a native Mesoamerican book, referred to by scholars as a codex. According to the record itself, the text was compiled by a man named Mormon, who lived in the Mesoamerican isthmus area in the late fourth century.
The Mormon Wars
Early Persecutions, Hawn's Mill, Nauvoo War, Johnston's Army, War on Polygamy
History of the Saints
The history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints is replete with tales of sacrifice and suffering, tragedy and triumph. Now those interested in the Mormon church can gain a deeper understanding of trials faced by early Saints. Mormon Wars presents historical accounts of pioneer perseverance. From violent mob persecutions to armed troops in the Utah territory to the war against polygamy, understanding the events that refined the early Saints and continuing modern-day battles.