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Sea Captains: San Francisco 1800s

Civilian, schooner (Cochituate Mining and Trading Company), from Boston, November 6, 1849, to San Francisco, April 5, 1850 (143 days).

Dodge, Thomas, master.

Editor's Note: On November 4, 2001, Angie Peters at acppp@aol.com, e-mailed the following information, which was taken from an old board found in a building about to be demolished:

FOR CALIFORNIA! 
The Good Schooner
CIVILIAN

Civilian to California.

170 tons, newly coppered, and four years old, Commanded by Capt. Thomas Dodge, of Chatham, will sail for California Oct. 20th.

She is owned by the "COCHITUATE COMPANY for California," now nearly full.
She is fitted up with Superior Accommodations, is a fast sailing vessel, and offers advantages equal to if not superior to any vessel that has yet been put up.

Please call for information at No. 69 Commercial Street.

E. W. JACKSON Agent., Boston, Sept. 27th, 1849.

November 18, 1899, San Francisco Call, San Francisco, California

ANNIVERSARY DINNER BY PIONEER CALIFORNIAN

Captain Dodge, Now of Roxbury, Celebrates the Day of His Departure for this State.

BOSTON. No 17. Just fifty years ago last Sunday the little topsail schooner Civilian of only 165 tons burden and commanded by Captain Thomas Dodge of Chatham, sailed away from Fiskes Wharf for California. Her decks were crowded with men. Among them was Thomas Hayward, who now resides in Roxbury and who is one of the six of sixty passengers now known to be living. Today he celebrated the event by a dinner at his home in Rockville Park.

The voyage around the Horn to the Golden Gate occupied 143 days, including a stop for provisions and water. Mr. Hayward says that men were in such demand in San Francisco tha tthose who could merely saw off a board or drive a nail received $15 a day, and good mechanics received much larger wages. At that time the sandlots were covered with shanties and tents.

Mr. Hayward has been the treasurer for many years of the Society of California Pioneers of New England, and is always present at the monthly meetings, when the former gold-hunters of 1849 recall the dangers and the pleasures, the joys and the griefs, of long ago.

The Sea Chart

The Illustrated History of Nautical Maps and Navigational ChartsThe Sea Chart.
The Sea Chart.The Sea Chart. John Blake
The sea chart was one of the key tools by which ships of trade, transport and conquest navigated their course across the oceans. John Blake looks at the history and development of the chart and the related nautical map, in both scientific and aesthetic terms, as a means of safe and accurate seaborne navigation. This handsome work contains 150 color illustrations including the earliest charts of the Mediterranean made by thirteenth-century Italian merchant adventurers, as well as eighteenth-century charts that became strategic naval and commercial requirements and led to Cook's voyages in the Pacific, the search for the Northwest Passage, and races to the Arctic and Antarctic.

Maritime History as World History
(New Perspectives on Maritime History and Nautical Archaeology)Maritime History as World History.
Daniel Finamore
Maritime History as World History."In the 21st century the division between the maritime and terrestrial worlds has virtually disappeared. Events and issues that previously involved only maritime subjects need to be reexamined today from the perspective of those events and developments occurring simultaneously ashore. It is through this approach, as demonstrated by this fine collection of essays, that maritime history becomes a vehicle for understanding global history."

Essays by leading scholars present an assessment of the field of maritime history in the early 21st century, offering insights into the impact of seaborne exploration, warfare, and commerce on the course of history, from the independent traditions of ancient Japanese, Arab, and Mediterranean seafarers to the rapid European expansion around the globe from the 16th century onward.

Author Daniel Finamore is Russell W. Knight Curator at the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem, Massachusetts.

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Sources: As noted on entries and through research centers including National Archives, San Bruno, California; San Francisco Main Library History Collection; Maritime Library, San Francisco, California, various Maritime Museums around the world.

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