Sea Captains: San Francisco 1800s


Robert Henderson Horner

December 1, 1859 (Advertisement), Daily Alta California, San Francisco

Atlantic and Pacific Steamship Company
for New York and New Orleans.

The steamship Cortes, R. H. Horner, Commander, will leave for Panama, from Mission Street Wharf, on Wednesday, November 30, 1859 at Nine O'clock A.M.

Passengers for New York and New Orleans by this vessel will connect at Aspinwall with the steamship Northern Light, leaving New York December 5th, and the Daniel Webster for New Orleans.

For Freight or Passage, apply at the office of the Company, southeast corner of Sacramento and Leidesdorff streets.

J. T. Wright, Agent

From Professor John Haskell Kemble, Pomona College (1936): Following are voyages from San Francisco and from New York indicating that Captain Horner was in command of a Panama steamer:

San Francisco to Panama
Ship Line Sailing
Cortes New York & California Steamship Co.

July 6, 1859;
October 5, 1859;
November 30, 1859

Cortes Atlantic and Pacific Steamship Co.

January 20, 1860;
March 5, 1860

Uncle Sam Pacific Mail Steamship Co. August 1, 1862
Golden Age Pacific Mail Steamship Co. March 23, 1863
Uncle Sam Pacific Mail Steamship Co. June 23, 1864:
August 3, 1864
Nebraska North American Steamship Co.

April 15, 1868;
June 5, 1868;
July 20, 1868:
September 5, 1868

August 11, 1859; November 20, 1859; December 1, 1859, Daily Alta Caliifornia, San Francisco:

Multiple listings in the Daily Alta California and Sacramento Daily Union of Captain Horner sailing to/from Panama under Shipping News

Captain Horner, the SS Cortes, 1859

December 10, 1859, Los Angeles Star, Los Angeles, California

The Steamer Cortes.

The Atlantic and Pacific steamship company's steamer Cortes, after a considerable detention, arrived safely at San Francisco last week. We copy the following, which duly accounts for her protracted absence:

MEMORANDA. -- The Atlantic and Pacific Steamship Company's steamship Cortes. R. H. Horner, commander, left Panama November 9, at 10:30 a. m., with 553 passengers and United States mails, from New York, October 20, per Company's steamship North Star, and passengers and United States mails from New Orleans, October 23 via Havana, per Company's steamship Daniel Webster. The Cortes was detained in consequence of the North Star running on a coral reef, October 26, at 4 a. m., off Plana or French Key (one of the Bahama group of islands), situated on the western side of Maraguana passage, where she lay for 6 days and 10 hours. After throwing overboard some 450 tons coal and lightening the ship by landing the passengers on the island, she was finally got off uninjured, and the passengers re-embarking, she proceeded on her voyage, stopping at Kingston, Jamaica, for coal and provisions, and arriving at Aspinwall November 8.

The steamship Daniel Webster carried for New York most of the passengers that left San Francisco October 20, per steamship Uncle Sam. November 14 and 15, off Tehunantepec, encountered a most severe gale from the North, with a terrific head sea.

Old shipmasters pronounced the weather to be more boisterous than any they had ever experienced on the Pacific. The ship behaved beautifully. November 17, at 8 a. m., arrived at Acapulco; took in coal and provisions and left same day at 10:30 P.M.

February 29, 1860, Sacramento Daily Union, Sacramento, CaliforniaCaptain Horner Sail the Cortes to Panama.

August 21, 1861, Sacramento Daily Union, Sacramento, California

Captain Horner commander of Panama to Mexico.

September 28, 1861, October 21, 1861, Sacramento Daily UnionSacramento Daily Union October 1861 Captain Horner, SS Panama.

New York - Aspinwall.
Baltic Pacific Mail Steamship Co. November 21, 1865;
December 21, 1865
New York Pacific Mail Steamship Co. January 20, 1866:February 21, 1866;: March 21, 1866

April 5, 1868, Daily Alta California, San Francisco, California

R. H. Horner, Nebraska for Panama, 1868.

April 8, 1868, Daily Alta California, San Francisco

AN ARREST - United States Marshal Rand arrested, yesterday, Captain Homer of the steamship Nebraska, on a charge of having forcibly put ashore at Panama, on the upward trip of his vessel, his Chief Engineer, Campbell. The Captain instantly gave bonds, adn was discharged from custody.

April 9, 1868, Daily Alta California, San Francisco

Captain Horner Discharged

U. S. vs. R. H. Horner -- Charge: That the defendant, Matter of the steamship Nebraska, for leaving Chief Engineer Campbell of the steamer at Panama. The evidence showed that Horner and Campbell disagreed, and the former transferred the latter to another steamship belonging to the same Company, with a ticket to return to San Francisco. Commissioner Whitney held that this was not putting a man ashore and abandoning him in a foreign port. The defendant was discharged.

April 9, 1868, Sacramento Daily Union, Sacramento, California

Captain Homer, of the steamer Nebraska, arrested for putting a sailor ashore at Panama, was examined today and discharged from arrest.

The Sea Chart

The Illustrated History of Nautical Maps and Navigational Charts
The Sea Chart.The Sea Chart.
John Blake
The sea chart was one of the key tools by which ships of trade, transport and conquest navigated their course across the oceans. John Blake looks at the history and development of the chart and the related nautical map, in both scientific and aesthetic terms, as a means of safe and accurate seaborne navigation. This handsome work contains 150 color illustrations including the earliest charts of the Mediterranean made by thirteenth-century Italian merchant adventurers, as well as eighteenth-century charts that became strategic naval and commercial requirements and led to Cook's voyages in the Pacific, the search for the Northwest Passage, and races to the Arctic and Antarctic.


The Authority to Sail.The Authority to Sail: The History of U.S. Maritime Licenses and Seamen's PapersThe Authority to Sail.
Robert Stanley Bates, George Marsh (Editor), John F. Whiteley (Forward) (Batek Marine Publishing, 2011; Nominated in 2012 for a Pulitzer Prize)
This book depicts important aspects of our maritime history as a result of original research done by the author, Commodore Bates, the holder of an unlimited master's license who has enjoyed a distinguished fifty-year career in both the Coast Guard and the American Merchant Marine.

The U.S. Coast Guard issues all Captain Licenses for U.S. Ports.
Note: Other countries have different regulations, i.e. the RYA (Royal Yachting Association), conducts certification for Britain and Ireland. As of 2011, they did not recognize the USCG certification; certification through their courses was required.

Master Unlimited is a licensed mariner in ultimate command of a vessel any gross tons. The captain is responsible for its safe and efficient operation, including cargo operations, navigation, crew management and ensuring that the vessel complies with local and international laws. All persons on board, including officers and crew, other shipboard staff members, passengers, guests and pilots, are under the captain's authority and are his or her ultimate responsibility. The STCW defines the Master as Person having command of the ship.

Merchant Marine License - Sample.

The Sea Chart
The Illustrated History of Nautical Maps and Navigational ChartsThe Sea Chart.
The Sea Chart.The Sea Chart.
John Blake
The sea chart was one of the key tools by which ships of trade, transport and conquest navigated their course across the oceans. Herein is a history and development of the chart and the related nautical map, in both scientific and aesthetic terms, as a means of safe and accurate seaborne navigation. 150 color illustrations including the earliest charts of the Mediterranean made by 13th-century Italian merchant adventurers, as well as 18th-century charts that became strategic naval and commercial requirements and led to Cook's voyages in the Pacific, the search for the Northwest Passage, and races to the Arctic and Antarctic.

Get Your Captain's License. Fifth Edition Get Your Captain's License. Fifth Edition. Charlie  Wing.
Charlie Wing
Considered the quickest, easiest, and least expensive way to prepare for the U.S. Coast Guard captain's ratings exams required for anyone who takes paying passengers on a boat, and useful for serious boaters who want to save money on insurance. 350 pages of seamanship and navigation tutorials. More than 1,500 questions and answers from the Coast Guard exams. Includes an interactive CD-ROM with all 14,000 questions and answers in the USCG database, so you can take an unlimited number of practice exams

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