Sea Captains: San Francisco 1800s


David Patrick Mallagh

My ggg-grandfather was an Irish shipping captain named David Patrick Mallagh, who, according to the records of the Society of California Pioneers, immigrated to California 26 July 1849. He was born 26 September 1825, Ireland, and died 26 September 1880 while working as a prison guard at San Quentin Prison (died on birthday according to obit).

He spent most of his adult life living near San Luis Obispo, California, married to Juana de Jesus Carrillo. I know from the 1852 California Census that his previous place of residence was the "East Indies". Furthermore, from two newspaper records from December 1849, I know that he was the captain of a schooner named Honolulu that ran trade routes back and forth between San Pedro, CA and San Francisco. Additionally, a short biography published in 1891 by Ida Storke on a man who knew Mallagh, J. B. Shaw, states the following about the latter's trip to southern California:

Shaw "took passage on the fast-sailing schooner Honolulu, commanded by Captain Mallagh, who had come with him on the same sailing vessel from China, and whom he had often attended professionally on his frequent trips from Bombay to Hong Kong, where the Doctor was stationed."

From elsewhere in the passage we know that Shaw was residing continuously in Hong Kong from 1844 until 1849, "when he embarked on a Swedish vessel and arrived in San Francisco July 3, 1849." My questions surround the maritime history of my ggg-grandfather. Given that D. P. Mallagh was captain of his own ship in Dec 1849, it seems possible that it was as captain of that ship that he came from Hong Kong to CA. However, the previous passage states that Shaw came with Mallagh to San Francisco, which suggests that Mallagh was at that time not in command of his own ship but on the aforementioned Swedish ship. That is at odds with Mallagh conducting trade between Bombay and Hong Kong, however. Plus, their dates of arrival do not line up.

I am not sure where you acquire your shipping records from, but I am curious if there exist any records of a schooner by the name of Honolulu arriving in July 1849 (or any time in 1849 for that matter). I would be curious to see if D. P. Mallagh is listed as captain. For that matter, I would be interested to know if any Swedish ships arrived around the same time, one supposedly carrying J. B. Shaw (and Mallagh?). I realize these requests are far-reaching, but I am mainly interested in any further direction you might give me in searching for the history of D. P. Mallagh as a captain. Some day I would love to track his movements throughout Asia, if that is even possible given the port/shipping records that may exist in Bombay and Hong Kong from that period.

Thanks so much for your time.
Sincerely, Zach O'Hagan


December 10, 1849, Daily Alta California, San Francisco
SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE
Port of San Francisco, December 10
Arrived: Am. schr Honolulu, Mallagh, 10 days from San Pedro to Salmon & Ellis.

January 30, 1850: Daily Alta California, San Francisco
SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE
Port of San Francisco, January 30
Arrived: Am. schr Honolulu, Mallagh, 9 days from San Pedro, 50 passengers.

October 14, 1858, Sacramento Daily Union, Sacramento, California, U.S.A.

Duel

-- An affair of honor was to have taken place at San Luis Obispo before the departure of the steamer on Monday last, between Walter Murray, member elect of the Legislature from that county, and Capt. D. P. Mallagh. The difficulty originated about matters connected with the late election. The duel was postponed until the return of Capt. Mallagh from the lower country. We understand that one of the parties was unable to obtain a pistol, and the other a second hence the postponement.

October 6, 1876, Daily Alta California, San Francisco

PASSENGERS. SANTA CRUZ, ETC - Per Active - F. Z. Branch, Miss E. B. Branch, Capt. D. P. Mallagh, Miss Helen Mallagh, Miss Jennie Mallagh, L. Castro and wife, Mrs. Jane Whitaker, M. Kennedy, H. Randill, J. B. Ward, J. H. Semmier, M. Dore, Jr., N. Fletcher, J. Churchman, E. C. Stearns, Ed Archer, Saml Cooper, A. Roman.

January 12, 1869, Daily Alta California, San Francisco
PASSENGERS. SAN LUIS OBISPO AND WAY PORTS - Per Gassie Telfair: Thos Barry, G Abegro, Miss E. Murray & str, D. P. Mallagh & fam, T. J. Shackleford, Judge Beeber, Mrs. Lee, C E March, S. H. Epperly. B. McKay, H Jotte, Capt Avery, F. Dowd, George Heath, J A Stagg, S. Moran, J C Allen, G G Fitch, E. Johnson, Jno Conkerite. Dr Hay, G Olive & wf, Mrs Rosenfield, G. Simmons, Wm. Kramer, J. S. Harrington.

January 15, 1859, Sacramento Daily Union, Sacramento, California

COUNTY PAYMENTS Treasurers of the following counties have made settlements with the State: Juan B. Castro, Monterey, $21,462.33; Thomas D. Boyd, Sutter, ?20,353 04; Giles E. Sill, Yolo, $55,446.88; J. H. Woods, Colusa, $24,088.32 ; O. W. Hollenbeck, Placer, $29,960.42; Mariposa, $8,515 01 . . . David P. Mallagh, San Luis Obispo, $9,194,43 . . . .

June 4, 1872, Daily Alta California, San Francisco
California Pioneers

At the regular monthly meeting of the Society of California Pioneers, held last evening, the following new members were elected: Wm. M. Siddons, Wm. H. Kruse, E. P. E. Kruse, E. F. T. Kruse, Francis W. Faulkner, David Mallagh, Ferdinand Vassault, Captains E. A. Poole, and J. T. McKenzie appointed a committee on decease of Captain David Van Pelt.

February 7, 1888, Daily Alta California, San Francisco

An Undutiful Son.

Juana de Mallagh, being in embarrassed circumstances, conveyed her property, which, was heavily mortgaged, to her son, that he might effect some compromise with her creditors. He compromised by giving them a portion of the property and received back to himself a deed to a portion. Instead of conveying it to his mother he kept it. The Court held it to be a trust, and orders the heirs of the son, who has since died, to convey the property to the mother.

China.

The Irish Way: Becoming American in the Multiethnic City (Penguin History of American Life)The Irish Way. Becoming American.
A lively, street-level history of turn-of-the-century urban life explores the Americanizing influence of the Irish on successive waves of migrants to America's cities.

The Irish Way. Becoming American. James R. Barrett.James R. Barrett
In this award-winning Penguin History of American Life series, James R. Barrett chronicles how a new urban American identity was forged in the streets, saloons, churches, and workplaces of the American city. This process of “Americanization from the bottom up” was deeply shaped by the Irish. From Lower Manhattan to the South Side of Chicago to Boston’s North End, newer waves of immigrants and African Americans found it nearly impossible to avoid the Irish. While historians have emphasized the role of settlement houses and other mainstream institutions in Americanizing immigrants, Barrett makes the original case that the culture absorbed by newcomers upon reaching American shores had a distinctly Hibernian cast.

By 1900, there were more people of Irish descent in New York City than in Dublin; more in the United States than in all of Ireland.

Barrett reveals how the Irish vacillated between a progressive and idealistic impulse toward their fellow immigrants and a parochial defensiveness stemming from the hostility earlier generations had faced upon their own arrival in America. They imparted racist attitudes toward African Americans; they established ethnic “deadlines” across city neighborhoods; they drove other immigrants from docks, factories, and labor unions. Yet the social teachings of the Catholic Church, a sense of solidarity with the oppressed, and dark memories of poverty and violence in both Ireland and America ushered in a wave of progressive political activism that eventually embraced other immigrants. Drawing on contemporary sociological studies and diaries, newspaper accounts, and Irish American literature.

The Irish Race: In California, and On The Pacific Coast (1878)Irish in California.
Hugh Quigley


The Irish Americans
A History

Jay P. Dolan of Notre Dame University is one of America’s most acclaimed scholars of immigration and ethnic history. Although more than 30 million Americans claim Irish ancestry, no other general account of Irish American history has been published since the 1960s. Dolan draws on his own original research and much other recent scholarship to weave an insightful, colorful narrative. He follows the Irish from their first arrival in the American colonies through the bleak days of the potato famine that brought millions of starving immigrants; the trials of ethnic prejudice and "No Irish Need Apply;" the rise of Irish political power and the heyday of Tammany politics.

The Cross and the Shamrock Or, How To Defend The Faith. An Irish-American Catholic Tale Of Real Life, Descriptive Of The Temptations, Sufferings, Trials ... And Female Servants Of The United States.The Cross and the Shamrock.
Hugh Quigley
Written in the mid-1800s.

Irish Californians.
Irish Californians: Historic, Benevolent, RomanticIrish Californians.
Patrick Dowling has written a collection of brief biographies of Irish immigrants that he found admirable. Published when Patrick was 94, this book contains his personal choices of Irish heroes, entrepreneurs, and colorful characters, arranging from Timothy Murphy, who came to California before the American conquest, to Thomas Sweeny, who tried to invade Canada, to Eleanor Martin, who was the doyenne of San Francisco high society. Index and bibliography. 120 illustrations.

How the Irish Saved Civilization. Thomas Cahill.
How the Irish Saved Civilization
The Untold Story of Ireland's Heroic Role From the Fall of Rome to the Rise of Medieval Europe
How the Irish Saved Civilization.

(The Hinges of History)
Thomas Cahill
In this entertaining and compelling narrative, Thomas Cahill tells the story of how Europe evolved from the classical age of Rome to the medieval era. Without Ireland, the transition could not have taken place. Not only did Irish monks and scribes maintain the very record of Western civilization -- copying manuscripts of Greek and Latin writers, both pagan and Christian, while libraries and learning on the continent were forever lost -- they brought their uniquely Irish world-view to the task. 

Ancestry DNA Testing.AncestryDNA: Genetic TestingAncestry DNA Testing.

This service combines advanced DNA science with the world's largest online family history resource to predict your genetic ethnicity and help you find new family connections. It maps ethnicity going back multiple generations and provides insight into such possibilities as: what region of Europe are my ancestors from, or am I likely to have East Asian heritage? AncestryDNA can also help identify relationships with unknown relatives through a dynamic list of possible DNA member matches.


The Authority to Sail.The Authority to Sail: The History of U.S. Maritime Licenses and Seamen's PapersThe Authority to Sail.
Robert Stanley Bates, George Marsh (Editor), John F. Whiteley (Forward) (Batek Marine Publishing, 2011; Nominated in 2012 for a Pulitzer Prize)
This book depicts important aspects of our maritime history as a result of original research done by the author, Commodore Bates, the holder of an unlimited master's license who has enjoyed a distinguished fifty-year career in both the Coast Guard and the American Merchant Marine.

The U.S. Coast Guard issues all Captain Licenses for U.S. Ports.
Note: Other countries have different regulations, i.e. the RYA (Royal Yachting Association), conducts certification for Britain and Ireland. As of 2011, they did not recognize the USCG certification; certification through their courses was required.

Master Unlimited is a licensed mariner in ultimate command of a vessel any gross tons. The captain is responsible for its safe and efficient operation, including cargo operations, navigation, crew management and ensuring that the vessel complies with local and international laws. All persons on board, including officers and crew, other shipboard staff members, passengers, guests and pilots, are under the captain's authority and are his or her ultimate responsibility. The STCW defines the Master as Person having command of the ship.

Merchant Marine License.

The Sea Chart
The Illustrated History of Nautical Maps and Navigational ChartsThe Sea Chart.
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John Blake
The sea chart was one of the key tools by which ships of trade, transport and conquest navigated their course across the oceans. Herein is a history and development of the chart and the related nautical map, in both scientific and aesthetic terms, as a means of safe and accurate seaborne navigation. 150 color illustrations including the earliest charts of the Mediterranean made by 13th-century Italian merchant adventurers, as well as 18th-century charts that became strategic naval and commercial requirements and led to Cook's voyages in the Pacific, the search for the Northwest Passage, and races to the Arctic and Antarctic.

Get Your Captain's License. Fifth Edition Get Your Captain's License. Fifth Edition. Charlie  Wing.
Charlie Wing
Considered the quickest, easiest, and least expensive way to prepare for the U.S. Coast Guard captain's ratings exams required for anyone who takes paying passengers on a boat, and useful for serious boaters who want to save money on insurance. 350 pages of seamanship and navigation tutorials. More than 1,500 questions and answers from the Coast Guard exams. Includes an interactive CD-ROM with all 14,000 questions and answers in the USCG database, so you can take an unlimited number of practice exams

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Sources: As noted on entries and through research centers including National Archives, San Bruno, California; CDNC: California Digital Newspaper Collection; San Francisco Main Library History Collection; and Maritime Museums and Collections in Australia, China, Denmark, England, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Wales, Norway, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, etc.

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