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Genealogy: from Greek: γενεά genea, "generation"; and λόγος logos, "knowledge." Also known as family history, genealogy is the study of families and the tracing of their lineages and history.

In searching for family, it can be difficult to know just what to focus on to make sure your research stays on track and doesn’t go off on any tangents. While following interesting leads and recording unusual and unique details, don't lose track of your research plan. This site actually began when seeking information on Captain James H. Blethen. During the past two decades, stories of life at sea and world migrations have wandered around the world, as ship captain's do.

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)


U.S. Naturalization and Citizenship DVD.U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is the government agency that oversees lawful immigration to the United States. USCIS is funded almost completely by the fees paid by individuals and organizations for immigration and naturalization services. The agency receives very little taxpayer money.

Learn About the United States.

The remaining authority comes from other fee accounts and annual appropriations by Congress for the E-Verify program. 19,000 government employees and contractors of USCIS work at 223 offices across the world.


The Official Guide to Ancestry.comOfficial Guide to Ancestry.com.

AncestryDNA: Genetic Testing

Ancestry Genetic Testing. AncestryDNA is a new DNA testing service that utilizes some of the latest autosomal testing technology to revolutionize the way you discover your family history. This service combines advanced DNA science with the world's largest online family history resource to predict your genetic ethnicity and help you find new family connections.

It maps ethnicity going back multiple generations and provides insight into such possibilities as: what region of Europe are my ancestors from, or am I likely to have East Asian heritage? AncestryDNA can also help identify relationships with unknown relatives through a dynamic list of possible DNA member matches.

Genealogy through DNA.

DNA: Family History Genealogy and Ancestry Research Through DNA TestingDNA Family History.
Martin Arrowsmith

Who am I? That is a question we often ask ourselves but the answer is often not clear or doesn't feel right. Where did we come from? Why do we look different than our parents and siblings? How can we learn the truth about what we are being told about what we are? Much of the answers are held in your DNA.

The Family Tree Historical Maps Book - Europe: A Country-by-Country Atlas of European History, 1700s-1900sHistorical Maps of Europe.

From Ireland to Italy, Portugal to Poland, Germany to Greece, and everywhere in between, explore your ancestors' European homelands through more than 200 gorgeous reproductions of 18th-century maps, 19th-century and early 20th-century maps. These full-color period maps--covering the peak years of European immigration to America--will help you understand changing boundaries in ancestral countries, and inform your search for genealogical records.

  • Historical maps of the European continent showing how national borders evolved over three centuries
  • Detailed country maps illustrating key geographical units--provinces, counties, regions, cities and more
  • Time lines of important events in each country's history Lists of administrative divisions by country for easy reference
  • A complete index to aid in viewing maps of interest in greater detail online

Historical Maps of EuropeHistorical Maps of Europe.Historical Maps of Europe.
The maps in this book are reprinted from the collection held at the Public Records office in Kew, London. These superbly crafted charts, which have been accumulated from sources all over Europe over many years, are remarkable documents that until now have been accessible only to researchers.

Dating from the earliest days of professional mapmaking, they chart over three centuries of European history through cartography. From the earliest representations of the mapmakers art in the 16th century, when the skills required to produce detailed scale maps first developed, to the elegant charts of the 19th century, they show the rise and fall of empires and the development of powerful nations. With an introduction that chronicles European history and detailed captions that explain the historical context of each of the maps, this is a fascinating work that is as insightful as it is attractive.

History for Genealogists: Using Chronological Time Lines to Find and Understand Your AncestorsHistory for Genealogists.History for Genealogists.

Mixed reviews on this book, but it does provide access to a summary of key historical events around the world, many of which affected our ancestors and many of which caused/forced us to begin new lives elsewhere. It was written with genealogists in mind: History for Genealogists. Using Chronological Time Lines to Find and Understand Your Ancestors. Accomplished author Judy Jacobson returns with a vast array of historical time lines that are guaranteed to inform your family history.

The Ancient Druidic Alphabet.

Ogam: The Celtic Oracle of the Trees: Understanding, Casting, and Interpreting the Ancient Druidic AlphabetThe Ancient Druidic Alphabet.
Paul Rhys Mountfort.
The ancient Ogam (Ogham) alphabet is an ancient British and Irish alphabet, consisting of twenty characters formed by parallel strokes on either side of or across a continuous line. Ogam is a magical and mysterious script, the Celtic equivalent of the runes that can teach us about our fate and future. Named after woodland trees, Ogam's 20 "tree letters" all have unique wisdom to impart that is linked to figures and themes from Celtic mythology.

Ogham is an alphabet that appears on monumental inscriptions dating from the 4th to the 6th century AD, and in manuscripts dating from the 6th to the 9th century. It was used mainly to write Primitive and Old Irish, and also to write Old Welsh, Pictish and Latin.

Searching for Ancestors in Historic Newspapers.

Searching For Your Ancestors in Historic NewspapersYour Ancestors in Historic Newspapers.
Claudia C. Breland

Editor's Note: This site (MaritimeHeritage.org) was greatly developed through researching newspapers of the day, all of which was free when the started, some of which now comes with a fee (generally reasonable). Some information can be found through Ancestry.com, but far more is available through Census Records, Birth/Death Records, Voting Records, all of which are available free through counties and much of which is NOT available through sites such as Ancestry.com

If you're serious about researching family history, you will find this book helpful. Family stories of all kinds, not just obituaries, can be found in newspapers. While major metropolitan newspapers are being digitized and placed online, many more are available for viewing on microfilm. Learn about the free newspaper databases, and discover which newspapers are covered in subscription databases. Also included is the first-ever state-by-state listing of libraries and genealogical societies that have indexed local newspapers, along with state digitized collections not found elsewhere, and microfilm collections for each state.

REPRODUCIBLE pages, timelines, family trees, and simple summaries, this incredible reference book gives a fantastic overview of 30 key people in Jesus' ancestry. Perfect for students, pastors, Bible study teachers, and those interested in seeing God's faithfulness throughout the Old and New Testament.

Below is an interesting publication from a Christian publisher of books.

The Ten Lost Tribes. Zvi Ben-Dor Benite.

Historically, Jesus was a Jew, born in Bethlehem in Judea, to the House of Israel, which consisted of 12 tribes, ten of which were lost. His mother, Mary, was either a Levite or from the House of Judah. His father, David, was of the House of Judah. Jesus, therefore was both a king and priest in the Hebrew nation. Christianity is a splinter religion -- out of Judiasm, the destruction of the Temple and the ministry of Paul of Tarsus (Saul of Tarsus).

Jesus' Family Tree: Seeing God's Faithfulness In The Genealogy Of ChristJesus' Family Tree.

Jesus' Family Tree.

This will prove to be a fascinating look at the heritage of the 12 tribes, the sons of Jacob: Reuben, Simeon, Levi (this priestly tribe did not receive a territory, and sometimes is not listed when the tribe of Joseph is listed as two separate tribes), Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gas, Asher, Issachar, Zeublun, Joseph and Benjamin.

With this publication comes a "Genealogy of Jesus Diagram: A fold-out family tree from Adam and Eve to Jesus Christ. Shows every person in the Bible who is listed in Jesus' direct ancestry."

REPRODUCIBLE pages, timelines, family trees, and simple summaries, this incredible reference book gives a fantastic overview of 30 key people in Jesus' ancestry. Perfect for students, pastors, Bible study teachers, and those interested in seeing God's faithfulness throughout the Old and New Testament.

Family Tree Memory Keeper.

Family Tree Memory Keeper: Your Workbook for Family History, Stories and GenealogyFamily Tree Memory Keeper.
Allison Dolan

From the editors of Family Tree Magazine, this workbook makes it easy to record and organize your family history. Family Tree Memory Keeper helps you keep track of basic genealogy information and special family memories, including traditions, heirloom histories, family records, newsworthy moments, family migrations and immigrations, old recipes, important dates, and much more. This book features:

  • Dozens of fill-in pages to record all your essential family information.
  • Convenient paperback format for writing and photocopying pages.
  • Space for mounting photographs.
  • Maps to mark your family's migration routes.
  • Tips for researching your family history.
  • A comprehensive list of additional resources.
Family Tree Guide to Finding Your Ellis Island Ancestors: A Genealogist's Essential Guide to Navigating the Ellis Island Database and Passenger Arrival ListFinding Your Ellis Island Ancestors.Guide to Finding Your Ellis Island Ancestors.

Nearly 20 million immigrants arrived through Ellis Island between 1892 and 1924 - roughly 40 percent of Americans descend from these "huddled masses yearning to breathe free." Since the Ellis Island website launched in April 2001, there have been more than 60,000 users visiting it every day, trying to find their ancestors. For some researchers, locating their immigrant ancestors in Ellis Island's massive database of passenger arrival lists is a snap. For others, the "Island of Hope, Island of Tears" takes on a new meaning.

Castle Garden, New York City. Currier & IvesCastle Garden, New York, Currier and Ives.

Castle Garden, New York.

learn what it was like for them to travel across the ocean by steamship, how they processed through Ellis Island, and where to find information and photographs of your ancestor's ship. And for those who had ancestors who arrived right before the Ellis Island years, a special chapter is devoted to Castle Garden and its arrivals.

Ottoman Empire Family Searches.

Search Your Middle Eastern & European Genealogy: In the Former Ottoman Empire's Records and OnlineMiddle Eastern and European Genealogy.
Anne Hart

Here's how to research your Middle Eastern and Eastern European ancestry, including Greek, Armenian, Turkish, Croatian, Romanian, Bulgarian, Assyrian, Lebanese, Syrian, Jewish, and other genealogy/ancestry records in the former Ottoman Empire, online, and beyond.

The Ottoman Empire lasted from 1300 until 1922. In 1924 Kemal Ataturk abolished the Muslim caliphate and founded the Republic of Turkey.So regardless of the language spoken by your ancestors-Slavic, Arabic, Greek, Judezmo, Uralic, Yiddish, Romanian, or Turkish, the Ottoman Empire controlled and kept careful census records in Turkish using Arabic script in the following countries of Europe and the Middle East known today, but not necessarily before 1924 as the following names: Hungary, Yugoslavia, Croatia, Bosnia, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Romania, Moldova, Bulgaria, southern Ukraine, Turkey, Georgia, Armenia, Iraq, Kuwait, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel/Palestine, Jordan, Eastern and Western Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain, eastern Yemen, Egypt, northern Libya, Tunisia, and northern Algeria.

Family Tree Problem Solver.

The Family Tree Problem Solver: Tried-and-True Tactics for Tracing Elusive AncestorsFamily Tree Problem Solver.
Marsha Hoffman Rising

Inside you'll find:

  • Ideas on how to find vital records before civil registration.
  • Tips for finding ''missing'' ancestors on censuses.
  • Instructions for investigating collateral kin to further your pedigree.
  • A look at advanced court records and how they can help you find answers.
  • Work-arounds for lost or destroyed records.
  • Techniques for correctly identifying and researching ancestors with common names.
  • Methods for finding ancestors who lived before 1850.
  • Case studies that show how to apply the author’s advice to real-life research roadblocks.
  • Strategies for analyzing your problem and creating a successful research plan
In Search of Your German Roots.

In Search of Your German Roots. Fourth Edition, UpdatedIn Search of Your German Roots.
Angus Baxter

In Search of Your German Roots is designed to help you trace your German ancestry not only in Germany but in all the German-speaking areas of Europe. First, it explores the resources of the LDS Church, in particular the great International Genealogical Index which contains hundreds of thousands of entries from German parish registers. Then back to the old country, where sources and archives are discussed in detail, especially Evangelical and Catholic church records, and records of state and city archives--wills, censuses, civil records of birth, marriage, and death, passenger lists, military records, etc.

Trace Your German Roots Online: A Complete Guide to German Genealogy WebsitesTrace Your German Roots Online.
James M. Beidler
Trace Your German Roots Online. Explore your Germanic heritage from your own computer! The book highlights important German resources on popular genealogy websites including Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org, as well as lesser-known resources such as Archion.de. Istrated step-by-step instructions, you'll learn how to use each site to its fullest potential for German genealogy, including how to get around language barriers and navigate the various German states that have existed throughout the centuries.

In addition, this book contains links to the best websites to consult when answering key German genealogy questions, from unpuzzling place names to locating living relatives in the old country.

German Roots Genealogy Guide. James M. Beidler.

Follow your family tree back to its roots in Bavaria, Baden, Prussia, Hesse, Saxony, Wurttemburg and beyond. This in-depth genealogy guide will walk you step by step through the exciting journey of researching your German heritage, whether your ancestors came from lands now in modern-day Germany or other German-speaking areas of Europe, including Austria, Switzerland, and enclaves across Eastern Europe.


Currier & Ives Chronicles of AmericaCurrier & Ives Chronicles of America.
Color plates reproduced from the original hand-colored stone prints by N. Currier and Currier & Ives.

A classic. This volume presents a cross-section of their work: the seasons, moments in history, and nineteenth century America. It is a great way to introduce one into the world of these two newspaper men who were artists in their own right while depicting America during formative growth years.

Family Tree Historical Maps Book.

The Family Tree Historical Maps Book:
A State-by-State Atlas of US History, 1790-1900
Family Tree Historical Maps Book.
Allison Dolan

Hundreds of full-color reproductions of useful eighteenth and nineteenth century maps. The maps illustrate the historical boundaries of each of the U.S. states as they progressed from territories to statehood and show the shifting of county boundaries and names within states over the years. Inside you'll find: Full-color historical maps of the United States from each decade of the nineteenth century. Detailed, full-color historical maps of all 50 U.S. states. Time lines of significant events in each state's history. Charming nineteenth-century panoramic maps of key cities. Special-interest maps, which provide intriguing peeks into American society from average family sizes to taxation per capita to regional industries. This book is perfect for family historians researching their American roots.

The Project

Maritime Nations, Ships, Sea Captains, Merchants, Merchandise, Ship Passengers and VIPs sailing into San Francisco during the 1800s.




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Sources: As noted on entries and through research centers including National Archives, San Bruno, California; CDNC: California Digital Newspaper Collection; San Francisco Main Library History Collection; and Maritime Museums and Collections in Australia, China, Denmark, England, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Wales, Norway, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, etc.

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