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Gold Rush Port.
Gold Rush Port: The Maritime Archaeology of San Francisco's WaterfrontSan Francisco's Waterfront by James P. Delgado.
James P. Delgado

San FranciscoSan Francisco 1849.
Mud, Blood, and Gold:
San Francisco in 1849
San Francisco 1849.
Rand Richards

Shipwrecks at the Golden Gate.
Shipwrecks at the Golden Gate:
A History of Vessel Losses from Duxbury Reef to Mussel Rock
James P. Delgado, Stephen A. Haller, Laurie Cohn (Editor)

California Gold Rush.The California Gold Rush Experience.
The World Rushed In:
The California Gold Rush Experience
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
J. S. Holliday

Genealogy by George Morgan.

Unearth Your Family's Past:
Genealogy Resources

Genealogy Resources.

California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.
Land in California: The Story of Mission Lands, Ranchos, Squatters, Mining Claims, Railroad Grants, Land Scrip, Homesteads
W. W. Robinson

San FranciscoMud, Blood, Gold, San Francisco 1849.
Mud, Blood, and Gold:
San Francisco in 1849
San Francisco 1849.
Rand Richards

California Gold Rush.The World Rushed In.
The World Rushed In:
The California Gold Rush Experience
The World Rushed In.
J. S. Holliday

California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.
California: A HistoryCalifornia History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.
Andrew Rolle, Arthur Verge

California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.
A State of Change
Forgotten Landscapes of California
California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners. Laura Cunningham

California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.
A Golden State: Mining and Economic Development in Gold Rush California
James J. Rawls

California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.
California: A History
(Modern Library Chronicles)
California History, Spanish-speaking California, miners and mariners.
Kevin Starr

California PioneersCalifornia.

Cultural FrontiersCalifornia.

California Historical FictionCalifornia.



Coming to America.
Coming to America:
A History of Immigration and Ethnicity in American Life
First Immigrants to America.
Roger Daniels

Ship Passengers arriving in San Francisco: 1800s

SS Tennessee

Arrive San Francisco

June 20, 1850
SS Tennessee
Captain Cole
From Panama


Tri Weekly Alta California, June 10, 1850 


Threatened Dismemberment of the Cabinet.

The steamship Tennessee, Captain Cole, arrived at her anchorage, at this port this morning, at 8 o'clock. We have received by her a portion of our correspondence, and files of papers from the United States to the 13th of May, and from Europe to the 27th of April.

The Tennessee left Panama on the 30th ult. And arrived at Acapulco on the 6th inst. She left for San Francisco on the 9th, thus running the whole distance in 18 days.

There were upwards of 2000 persons on the Isthmus, waiting a passage to San Francisco, when the Tennessee left.

She brings 487 passengers, 26 of whom are ladies. Three steerage passengers died on the way up: E. C. Seabrey, of Yarmouth, Me., Nathaniel Thomas, of Middleboro, Mass., and Madison Peller, of Union District, South Carolina - all under 30 years of age, and the first two married.

Among her passengers are Commodore Macaulay, U.S.N., who has been sent out, we understand, to take command of the United States squadron in the Pacific; Mrs. Albert Williams, lady of Reverend A. Williams of San Francisco; Dr. Bureaud Rofrey, a distinguished French physician; S. Staats Taylor, who comes on to establish a banking house in connection with Jaudon & Co., of New York, and four Hungarian officers, who took a prominent part in the late Hungarian insurrection. 

The Steamship California left Panama on the 1st of June and reached Acapulco on the 8th inst., the day before the Tennessee left; she may therefore be expected in a day or two. The French barque Gustave with a larger number of passengers for San Francisco, also put into Acapulco on the same day. The Steamer Isthmus on her downward passage to Panama left Acapulco, three days before the Tennessee arrived there. A steamer, supposed to be the Oregon, passed the Tennessee to the northwest with top-gallant sails all set on the 11th inst., at 4 o'clock A.M.

The political news brought by the Tennessee adds but little to our previous information of the course of events at Washington. Congress is still "pursuing the even tenor of its way," doing nothing.

California has not yet been admitted into the Union and but faint hopes are entertained that she will be this session. Mr. Clay, the chairman of the Compromise Committee of thirteen, presented the report of that Committee to the Senate on the 8th of May. A brief discussion arose on its presentation, which resulted in the report and the bill founded upon it being ordered to be printed. The bill was taken up the next day, read a second time, and made the special order for Monday the 13th ult. - the day the steamer left for Chagres. There were various opinions entertained as to the chance of its success in the Senate. Some well informed persons were satisfied that it would obtain 33 or 34 votes. Conjecture, however, was quite at loss, in the event of its passage in the Senate, as to what will be its fate in the House of Representatives. 

The Benton and Foote Committee, and Thomas Ewing's Committee on the Galphin claim, were shortly expected to make their reports. 

A serious riot occurred at Panama, on the 23d ult., in which four men lost their lives - two natives and two Americans. The Echo gives a long account of the affair, from which we will extract tomorrow . . . 

On the 22nd April, the steamboat Belle of the West, running from Cincinnati to St. Louis, when opposite Florence, Indiana, took fire, and was completely destroyed. She carried about 250 passengers, with a crew of forty in number. Upwards of forty persons lost their lives by the disaster. 

On the 5th of May, another steamboat disaster occurred off Grand River, by the steamer Commerce, by which 38 men out of a detachment of 350 British troops were lost.

Yellow Fever at Rio Janeiro was still making great mischief. Many Americans had fallen victims. The U.S. Ship Lexington was there on the 28th of March, with most of her crew down with the epidemic. The Emperor had a severe attack. . .

"All the vessels of the Cuban Expedition have sailed and without doubt, are at this moment, hovering on the coast of Cuba! There is every reason to believe that the next advices from Havana, after the date, May 11th, will bring us news of the successful landing of the patriots, and the actual commencement of their struggle for Independence! . . .

Trim Weekly Alta California, June 11, 1850

THE TENNESSEE. The arrival of this steamer yesterday morning produced a tremendous excitement, and hundreds blocked out to her to meet friends and expected relatives. On her decks, what with very large numbers of passengers and the crowds from the shore there was the most insufferable jam we have ever mixed in for some time.

Much disappointment was manifested when it was ascertained she had no mails, but it was in a measure allayed by the knowledge that the California with any quantities of letters and newspapers might be expected in a couple of days. Every one consoled themselves with "There is a good time coming boys, wait a little longer."


Passengers by the SS Tennessee, Daily Alta California, June 20, 1850.Abbott, E. N. 
Abbott, H. N. 
Abell, E. S. 
Akin, G. W. 
Aldridge, Dr. 
Allen, A. 
Allen, A. J. 
Allen, J. 
Andrews, J. H. 
Archibald, J. R. 
Archibald, P. W. 
Argo, W. 
Arter, C. M. 
Arther, J. D. 
Atwood, B. E. 
Bachelor, J. M. 
Baldwin, E. 
Barker, N. N. 
Barnes, Mrs. 
Bates, D. 
Beale, Lieut. 
Beals, H. C. 
Beatty, D. 
Bell, Mr. and Mrs. 
Bell, Mrs. 
Bernard, J. 
Berri, J. 
Berridge, J. 
Berry, Mr. and Mrs. 
Birdseye, C.G. 
Bissell, ? 
Blake, J.F. 
Boudinot, W. 
Briggs, A. 
Briggs, S. 
Briggs, S. 
Brockett, G.W. 
Brooks, D. C. 
Broughton, J. 
Brown, Capt. 
Brown, E. W. 
Brown, H. 
Brown, Major 
Bryan, Judge H. 
Bryant, J. Y. (Or J. V. Bryant) 
Bryant, W. F. 
Buck, Dr. W. S. 
Buck, W. D. 
Burrington, A. 
Butterfield, S. 
Caldwell, Dr. 
Campbell, C. 
Campbell, J. C. 
Carey, ? 
Carson, Dr. 
Carville, W. 
Casement, H., Jr. 
Casson, Dr. 
Cathcart, G. L. 
Cayeloff, A. (Might be Caycloff) 
Chandler, R. 
Charnley, H. 
Chase, Major 
Chauriteau, Fred (Might be Chauritean) 
Chetwood, ? 
Christien, N. 
Cipher, S. 
Clark, ? 
Clark, ? 
Coayne, A. 
Cohn, H. 
Coit, W. H. 
Collier, C. W. 
Collyer, W. C. 
Cone, ? 
Cook, Capt. 
Cook, H. 
Cormick, Dr., U.S.N. 
Cowdrey, J. B. 
Crockett, Mrs. 
Cross, O. W. 
Culver, A. B. 
Cummings, Mrs. 
Curtiss, J. S. 
Dangberty, J. 
Dargin, L. W. 
Darling, ? 
Dart, W.S. 
Davidson, ? 
Davis, Mr. and Mrs. 
Dean, A. H. 
Dean, J., Jr. 
Deems, L. 
Delany, Captgin (As typeset, but probably should be Captain) 
Denning, R. 
Dennison, Mrs. 
Depommier, J. 
Dexter, ? 
Dexter, W. S. 
Dixon, ? 
Dodge, ? 
Dodge, A. 
Dods, W. B. 
Doherty, George O. (Might be George O'Doherty) 
Downing, E.W. 
Duhie, J. 
Duhie, J. j(Might be Dunie or Dubie) 
Duryee, Capt. 
Dwinelle, S.H. 
Eastard, J. 
Easton, ? 
Eddy, S. 
Edwards, ? 
Edwards, H. B. 
Edwards, J. 
Edwards, J. S. 
Egary, ? 
Emorick, A. 
Empey, S. 
Esanhart, H. 
Fairbank, J. H. 
Fairbank, J. W. 
Fairchild, S. W. 
Fairfax, Count 
Farnhorn, J. (Might be Farnham or Farnhem) 
Fenwick, B. 
Ferris, R.H. 
Field, E.M. 
Fitzgerald, Jesse 
Flint, E.P. 
Foot, Col. 
Foote, Starr 
Ford, E. 
Ford, I.H. 
Fornet, Major C. 
Freeman, J. 
Freeman, J. 
French, A. 
Frost, H. 
Fuller, E.R. 
Fuller, J. 
Fulton, S. 
Fulwider, J. 
Furniss, C. 
Gale, P.T. 
Garretson, ? 
Garretson, C. 
Garretson, J. 
Gates, C. C. 
George, A. J. 
Gibbs, Mrs. 
Gillespie, Mrs. D. 
Gillespie, R. D. 
Gilman, J. T. 
Glen, Capt. 
Goodman, J. H. 
Gordon, Lieut G. H., U.S.A. 
Graham, W. H. 
Green, G. T. 
Green, J. 
Grover, W. S. 
Gunnell, T. A. 
Hackett, J. H. 
Haight, H. 
Hamilton, F. 
Harris, R. R. 
Hart, G. W. 
Hart, W. 
Hathway, A. 
Hawk, H. 
Heap, ? 
Hedges, E. 
Heller, Moses 
Henderson, B. F. 
Herb, J. (Might be Herh) 
Hildreth, J. 
Hine, N. M. 
Hix, Andrew 
Hoogdon, A. P. 
Hopkins, Samuel A. 
Hopkins, W. G. 
Horna, J. 
Hoskin, T.S. 
Houghton, J. P. 
Houston, J. B. 
Hubbard, H. P. 
Hubbell, ? 
Hull, P.P. 
Hungerford, Dana 
Hurd, A. H. 
Hyenne, Louis (Might be Hyeune or Hyenue) 
Ingells, J. 
Inhoss, Julius 
Jackman, J. B. 
Jacks, Pulaski 
James, Col. 
Jarrell, H. C. 
Jennings, W. H. 
Jewett, E. 
Jewitt, G. D. 
Jones, L. J. 
Jones, W. C. 
Jordan, G.W. 
Judah, ? 
Karafiat, Theadore 
Keeler, E. H. 
Kelly, J. 
Kelly, W. 
Kennedy, J. 
Kerr, H. 
King, J. L. 
King, John 
Kirby, J. B. 
Kitchen, A. B. 
Kupe, Bernhart 
Laird, J. 
Lawrence, ? 
Lawrence, J. A. 
Lawson, ? 
Lebouche, Max 
Ledovrett, J. 
Lee, G. 
Lee, T. J. 
Lehman, J. 
Levevre, J. 
Lewis, L. F. 
Lisk, E. 
Lockett, J. M. 
Lockwood, D. W. 
Loomis, ? (Might be Charles B. Loomis)
Loomis, H. 
Loskin, A. 
Loughi, J. 
Love, R. 
Ludwig, P. 
Lutphen, D. 
Lutz, T. 
Lyman, ? 
Lyon, M. F. 
Mable, P. T. 
Macaulay, Commodore 
Manning, J. 
Marchant, F. 
Marston, Mr. and Mrs. 
Martin, J. D. 
Martin, John 
Martin, W. 
Martin, W. C. 
Mason, ? 
Mather, W. F. 
Mayler, J. 
McBridge, B. F. 
McClelland, D. 
McClelland, W. 
McClellen, S. 
McConnell, S. H. 
McDurmut, David A. 
McGary, Edward 
McGregor, ? 
McGregor, J. 
McIlvaine, A. 
McIlvaine, H. 
McIlvaine, I. L. 
McIlvaine, W. 
McKinstrey, J. E. 
Merrill, A. P. 
Meyer, M. H. 
Miller, F. 
Montgomery, C. 
Morcom, E. 
Morgan, H. P. 
Morony, J. C. 
Morrell, C. 
Morril, D. (Might be Morrin or Morrill) 
Morse, Dr. 
Morse, I. H. 
Morzenthau, M. 
Mosher, H. 
Moulder, A. J. 
Moulton, J. H. 
Mount, C.E. 
Mourse, Wm. And Bro. 
Mowrey, C. 
Mudge, T. A. 
Nash, J. W. 
Neal, ? 
Nichols, ? 
Nichols, A. C. 
Nickilis, ? (Might be Nickihs or Nicklhs) 
Norwood, C. 
Nott, Dr. 
Nyr, Mr. and Mrs. and child 
Page, F. W. 
Parry, J. 
Pascal, Dr. P. 
Patten, H. 
Payerriere, J. 
Pearce, L. K. 
Perkins, S. 
Peterson, J. P. 
Phillips, W. W. 
Plaisted, E. 
Plate, ? 
Polack, Leopold 
Poole, T. P. 
Porter, 2 Misses (Correct. Listed as 2 Misses Porter) 
Post, J. A. 
Pot, ? 
Potter, J.C. 
Price, Lieut., U.S.N. 
Quinn, Captain 
Rambauer, T. 
Randall, S. 
Randolph, Mrs. and servant 
Randolph, W. F. 
Rankin, J. 
Rassell, ? 
Ray, J.H. 
Raymond, A. C. 
Raymond, C. H. 
Raymond, T. 
Raynolds, ? 
Read, ? 
Read, H. 
Read, J. 
Reed, L. F. 
Reynolds, R. L. 
Rheam, ? 
Rheen, J. H. 
Riley, G. 
Riofrey, B. G. and son 
Ripley, ? 
Robbs, ? 
Robertson, D. M. 
Robinson, A. 
Rockwell, ? 
Rockwell, J. 
Root, ? 
Root, W. A. 
Ross, ? 
Ross, J. M. D. 
Rowe, Mrs. 
Russell, Mr. and Mrs. 
Sampson, P. H. 
Sanders, Judge 
Sanger, W. P. 
Saunders, J. H. 
Sawin, Mrs. 
Sawyer, W. 
Sewell, L.R. 
Seybert, J. 
Seymore, W. 
Shaw, R.G. 
Shelley, J.Q. 
Sigler, R. 
Simmons, Capt. B. 
Simmons, Capt. N. P. 
Simmons, G. W. 
Sisson, D. 
Skeggs, J. L. 
Smart, W. 
Smith, J. P. 
Smith, Mr. and Mrs. 
Snow, J. 
Soule, J. 
Sparks, J. 
Sparr, O.M. 
Spear, G. 
Spear, J. 
Spear, T. 
Squire, J. Hopkins (Listed as J. Hopkins Squire) 
Stanley, H. A. 
Stealey, G. 
Stearns, G. H. 
Stephenson, D. 
Stevens, ? 
Stow, E. 
Swarts, W. 
Swetland, C. 
Swett, I. W. 
Syles, C. S. 
Tallmadge, D. P. 
Tannahill, J. 
Tate, D. 
Taylor, Knowles and son 
Taylor, P. 
Taylor, S. S. 
Thomas, E. 
Thompson, ? 
Throckmorton, ? 
Tilden, A.W. 
Titcomb, J. H. 
Treadwell, J.P. 
Van Gulpin, Mr. and Mrs. 
Walker, ? 
Walker, J. T. 
Wamball, S. 
Wentworth, W. 
West, G. 
Weston, D., Jr. 
Wethered, Hon. John and servant 
Weyld, J. 
Wheeler, C. T. 
Wheeler, D. 
Wheelock, A. G. 
Whetstone, ? 
Whitmore, F. M. 
Wilcox, R. W. 
Williams, H. W. 
Williams, L. 
Williams, Mrs. 
Williams, Mrs. A. and two children 
Wills, Mrs. 
Wilson, H. T. 
Wood, Col. 
Wood, W. W. 
Woods, H. A. 
Woods, R. P. 
Worthley, S. 
Wright, C. A. 
Wright, H. 
Wurts, ? 
Wyley, C. D. 
Wyman, J. E. 
Wynans, Raymond 
Young, J. 
Young, W. 
Young, W. 
Zimmerman, Levi


Daily Alta California, July 1, 1850

$100 REWARD -- Lost from the steamer Tennessee, on her late voyage from Panama to this port, the following articles of baggage, viz: one trunk, marked Edmund Randolph, San Francsico; one trunk, marked Mrs. Wills, and one large black trunk, marked on the top Dr. Nott, and on the end W. Walker. Also, one bundle containint bedding and a lady's dark blue saddle cloth. Also, one India rubber carpet bag, containing books and papers. The first named of these trunks contains some daguerreotypes and a small lot of family silver, both of which are highly valued by the owner. The two remaining trunks contain effects and papers, the loss of which while they greatly embarrass the losers, are of no use to the holders. The above rewarde will be paid for the whole or a proportion for my part thereof. Apply to Mr. Parker, St. Francis Hotel.

Buy at
Central America, Southern Mexico, c.1842
Reproductions available by clicking on the image.

Print of gold seekers transferring at the Panama Canal.
The passage across the Isthmus of Panama from Eastern Seaboard ships to West Coast Ships bound for San Francisco
Prints available by clicking on the image.